Deciduous Forest Biome Eastern North America

Climate of Deciduous Forests

The average annual temperature in a deciduous forest is 50° F. There is a max temperature of 86° F and a minimum temperature of -22° F.

The average rainfall is around 45 inches a year. The minimum amount of rainfall is 30 inches in a year and the maximum amount of rainfall is 60 inches in a year.

The area typically has four seasons with cold winters and hot summers.

Net Primary Productivity

  • Comparatively, deciduous forests are shown to be fairly moderate. Deciduous forests are neither high or low in productivity, instead they are placed evenly in the middle.
  • Their rainfall is typically greater than their counterparts
  • Due to their warmer climate the are has a relatively high level of nights without frost
  • This area is typically found at the latitude 38° N

Soil Quality

The soil quality in deciduous forests is known for being very excellent. The soil's quality is utilized in multiple agricultural regions across the biome to produce a multitude of high quality crops..


Black Arches originate in Europe, but they are prevalent in most deciduous areas. They are known as pests. This is because once they settle in an area they continue to colonize at a rapid rate and their growing populations devour any crops in their general vicinity.


The Red Wolves have recently seen a resurgence, but in 1980, after several studies showed a decline in their populations, they were declared extinct in the wild. Their populations were declining due to loss of habitat and the fragmentation of their tribes. But, after several years of breading their populations are beginning to rise and more are being released into the wild. At this point their populations are fairly stable.

American Bald Eagle

The American Bald Eagle has adapted to have exceptional eye sight, because they require this eye sight in order to locate prey within dense forests. They also posses sharp talons, which similarly assist in the capture of prey in dense forests.

American Black Bear

The American Black Bear's most prominent feature is their broad shoulders. These shoulders are typically used in the deciduous forests in order to climb trees. This allows them to reach food or shelter that would typically be out of their reach.

White Tailed Deer

The White Tailed Deer's coat changes with the seasons of the deciduous forests. In the warmer seasons their coats are tan and in the colder seasons their coats turn grey in order to help the deers disguise themselves into their environment

White Oak

Typically White Oaks develop with a larger lower half and a smaller upper half. This lower half prevents the tree's roots from damage, and prevents the fertile soil from being washed away.

White Birch

The Birch tree is an adaptive species. It is considered a pioneering species, which quickly regrows after a natural disasters like a tornado or a wildfire. They posses lightweight seeds that assist in accelerating growth.

Carpet Moss

Carpet Moss is able to absorb large amounts of water, and thus it is able to prevent the water from eroding the soil it grows on, which secures the mosses area.


Created with images by chornamariya - "Forest" • solviturambulando - "Black Bear" • USFWS Mountain Prairie - "White tailed deer fawn in grass Sand Lake NWR" • PublicDomainPictures - "oak tree still" • phtorxp - "park bench autumn" • Nicholas_T - "Hook Natural Area (8)"

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