Thalassemia is any of a group of hereditary hemolytic diseases caused by faulty hemoglobin synthesis, widespread in Mediterranean, African, and Asian countries.

How is Thalassemia caused? Thalassemia is caused by mutations in the DNA of cells that make hemoglobin the substance in your red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body. The mutations associated with thalassemia are passed from parents to children. Thalassemia is inherited. This means it’s passed from parent to child through genes. A gene is part of the body’s cells that stores instructions for the way your body grows and works. Genes come in pairs—you get one of each pair from each parent. If you or someone in your family has or had thalassemia, it means you have a family history of thalassemia.

How many babies are born with thalassemia? About 100,000 babies worldwide are born with severe thalassemia. 25,000 babies are born with thalassemia in the United States each year.

How iDoctors diagnose thalassemias using blood tests, including a complete blood count (CBC) and special hemoglobin tests. A CBC measures the amount of hemoglobin and the different kinds of blood cells, such as red blood cells, in a sample of blood. ... Hemoglobin tests measure the types of hemoglobin in a blood sample.

What are the characteristics and symptom? Beta thalassemia major causes severe anemia that usually occurs within three to six months after birth. ... for alpha thalassemia traits, meaning that they show no symptoms of the disorder but can pass the trait to their. bone deformities, especially in the face, dark urine, delayed growth and development, excessive tiredness and fatigue, and yellow or pale skin. Not everyone has visible symptoms of thalassemia. Signs of the disorder also tend to show up later in childhood or adolescence.

Many people with thalassemia lead healthy lives. But for some people, thalassemia may cause serious health conditions that need treatment. In severe cases, it may cause death. About 100,000 babies worldwide are born with severe thalassemia. There is a cure but it doesn't work on everyone only some people.

Is there a Cure? Yes there is but only if the surgery is successful. These treatments take normal blood making cells from a donor, and give them to the person with thalassaemia. If the transplant is successful, these cells last for life and make normal haemoglobin - a lifelong cure.

What are the long term birth defects on the person? They would faeel tired, dizzy, weak, and short of breath. They could have pale skin, wanting to sleep a lot, fEeling very week and short of breath. Every side effect there is, it very dangerous and close to death.

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