What were the Islamic beliefs?
Muslims were monotheists (believed in ONLY one God, which was Allah (Muslims call their god by this name)), and they believed in a religious text known as the Quran (further explained later on). They also believed in the 5 pillars of Islam, which were Shahada (belief), Salah (worship), Sawm (fasting), Zakat (almsgiving (giving money and/or food to the poor)), and Hajj (pilgrimage (a long journey to a sacred placed as an act of being devoted to a religion, like Islam in this case)).
What texts were important to Islam?
1. The Quran: Not only was it the center of attention in terms of islamic texts, it was the holy book (or bible) of the Muslims (shown in the background).
2. The Hadith: a collection of traditions as a source of guidance for Muslims.
(The online World History book (Ch. 10 Sec. 1 Pg. 267))
The Influence/Spread/Impact of Islam
As the religion of Islam spreads throughout the Arabian peninsula, it influences many subjects, such as literature, math, science, medicine, philosophy, etc. This religion has made a positive impact on citizens today. We are learning all of these subjects in order for us to succeed in a bigger and brighter future, using this knowledge to make a positive difference in our society.