Essential Rules of Basic Photography Jade Garcia

Rule of Thirds

  • When you frame your image with the subject off center it's more pleasing to the eye and appears more natural than placing the subject in the center as seen down below called the Rule of Thirds.
  • The direction of attention in the second picture is the model. As you see the picture your attention directly goes the direction where the model is posing. The exposure is perfect in each portrait. In the picture, the main subject which is the model is perfectly in focus. The depth of field in the picture is deep because the whole picture is in focus. The lighting is perfectly fine and the purpose for the color is to be contributed to the image so it can have a pop of color. The model is clearly off to the side of the frame giving ' The Rule of Thirds' its meaning.

Leading Lines

  • When you use architectural such as walls, fences, roads, or any lines to lead in the eye through the photography draws attention toward the main subject as seen below called Leading Lines.
  • On the second photo, you can see a fence in focus. The exposure is perfectly fine and the main subject in focus has a sharp focus to it since it is close to the fence focusing on the detailing of the wood and its leading lines. The depth of field is deep since everything is clearly focused on the detailing of the fence while the lighting has a soft light given to see every detail. The color contributes to the image because it defines the lines in the wood. The main subject is zoomed in as seen in the picture so its in full frame.

Simplicity

  • When you declutter the background, zoom in tight to eliminate background 'distractions', or change your angle so your subject remains the focus of the image as seen down below called Simplicity.
  • In the first picture shown, the first thing you see is the flower in focus. The exposure is perfectly fine as it compliments the photo and the main subject in focus has a sharp focus which is the flower. The depth of field is shallow since the background is blurred while the flower is the only thing in focus. The lighting is clearly harsh as it formed a shadow in the flower. The photographer's choice was to use color as the flower has bright effective colors to really attract the viewers. The main subject is clearly in the center of the frame so it remains the focus of the image as given in the name for the style of photography called Simplicity.

Spacing

  • When you create a sense of movement by adding active space (the area your subject is facing) and eliminating dead space (the area behind your subject) as seen below called Spacing.
  • In the middle picture, the first thing you see is the yellow chain visible as the background is unfocused making it pop. The exposure is perfectly fine and the main subject in focus is the yellow chain shown. The depth of field is shallow since only one subject is being focused on since the background is blurry while the lighting is a bit harsh since the yellow chain gives off a shine like effect. The photographer's choice is to use color as the yellow chain really pops out in the picture. The main subject is in the center of the frame as it is zoomed in to focus on the chain and to eliminate any dead space given the reasoning of the name for the type of photography called Spacing.

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