British Colonialism & Nigeria By: Sonia, Irlanda, Mark, Gabriel, Hugo


Modern Nigeria dates from 1914, when the British Protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria were joined. The country became independent on Oct. 1, 1960, and in 1963 adopted a republican constitution but elected to stay a member of the Commonwealth. The First Republic was replaced by the military, which ruled for 13 years. The Second Republic lasted from 1979 to 1983, followed by another 15 years of military rule.


This period was between World War l & World War ll. During which they had contact with European goods through trade and the makings of products to port cities. Also, Africans who fought alongside Europeans were rewarded with social changes, constitutional changes, and economic concessions that would help them with their living conditions. While this occurred the British made a system of "indirect rule" to be able to manage their colonies; the system was after World War ll to make Nigeria independent and was representing the work of the connection between the Nigerians and the "mother country".


Post-colonial criticism also questions the role of the western literary canon and western history as dominant forms of knowledge making.

The terms "first-world," "second world," "third world" and "fourth world" nations are critiqued by post-colonial critics because they reinforce the dominant positions of western cultures populating first world status.

So, for example, a post-colonial critic might question the works included in "the canon" because the canon does not contain works by authors outside western culture.

But post-colonial theorists and authors might disagree with this perspective: " Chinua Achebe observes, the novel's condemnation of European is based on a definition of Africans as savages: beneath their veneer of civilization, the Europeans are, the novel tells us, as barbaric as the Africans


* British explorers, missionaries, and traders show interest in Nigeria.

* The British government sponsors an expedition to the kingdom of Bornu in 1821 and become the first Europeans to reach Lake Chad.

* In 1851, Lagos is attacked and captured by British force and is added as a British colony.

* The Niger Coast Protectorate is expanded to become Southern Nigeria, with its seat of government at Lagos.

* Britain attempts to find a structure to meet African demands for political power.

* In 1954 a new constitution establishes the Federation of Nigeria and adds the Federal Territory of Lagos.

* African political structure is achieved in the late 1950's.

Works Cited :

"HISTORY OF NIGERIA." HISTORY OF NIGERIA. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Mar. 2017.


Source One:

Falola, Toyin O., and Reuben Kenrick Udo. "Nigeria." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 29 May 2015. Web. 02 Mar. 2017.

Source Two:

"The Colonial and Pre-Colonial Eras in Nigeria | AHA." The Colonial and Pre-Colonial Eras in Nigeria | AHA. Web. 02 Mar. 2017.

Source Three:

"The Colonial and Pre-Colonial Eras in Nigeria | AHA." The Colonial and Pre-Colonial Eras in Nigeria | AHA. Web. 02 Mar. 2017.

Source Four:


Source 5:

"British Colonialism and Nigeria Timeline." Timetoast. Web. 02 Mar. 2017.

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