Chapter 12 Lesson 1

As the war in Europe wound down. Allied leaders met in Yalta to discuss challenging questions about the postwar world.

The Soviets would break many of the agreements reached at Yalta.

The plight of war refugees, such as this homeless German girl, was a major challenge facing the conquerors of Europe.

Stalin's blockade cut off West Berlin. To reach the city, all planes in the airlift traveled along one of the three quarters.

The Berlin blockade prevented all land shipments to West Berlin. It cut off all the business in the city. There was no way for people to buy or sell needed goods.

Meeting the needs of the citie's people through the air was a gigantic effort. In just over 10 months, the allies made an incredible 278,000 flights. These flights carried 2 million tuns of cargo.

Mao Zedong led communist forces and successfully created the people's Republic of China.

Many Americans worried that Communists were sneaking into the government. U.S. leaders began probing for evidence of communist influence in the government.

This cartoon from 1954 criticizes senator Joe McCarthy by comparing him to a vandal who recklessly damages property.

In December 1954, the Senate voted to censure, or formally criticize, McCarthy for "conduct unbecoming a senator."

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