Raphael was a famous painter and architect during the Italian Renaissance. He was best known for his "Madonnas" and also for his big compositions in the Palace of the Vatican located in Rome. Raphael was born on April 6th, 1483 in Urbino, Italy. He started painting a series of "Madonnas" while living in Florence from 1504-1507. During his lifetime he constructed many well known masterpieces. Coincidentally, Raphael passed away on April 6th, 1520 celebrating his 37th birthday.
Raphael was very influential during his time. Raphael became the most important portraitist in Rome during the first two decades of the 16th century. He created paintings such as "The School of Athens", "Transfiguration", and "La Fornarina". He also painted "The Marriage of the Virgin" as well as his own self-portrait. His work demonstrated the principals of the Renaissance because art and creations were very important and his creativity in his paintings reflected the importance of art at the time.