WHEN: The first SALT Treaty was signed in Moscow in Russia. However, SALT II began discussion in Helsinki, Finland and was signed in Vienna.
WHEN: In January of 1967 President Lyndon Johnson annoucend the beginning of SALT. The first SALT Treaty was signed in May of 1972. The second round of these treaties began later this year. This treaty was signed in June of 1979.
WHO: This treaty was between The United States and The Soviet Union. There were many representatives including President Lyndon Johnson, Nixon and Brezhen.
WHAT: The Soviet Union had embarked upon the ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile) and then had begun to create the ABM (Ant-Ballistic Missile). This caused for the allowance of one missile to pass through but the rest would be shot down. Therefore, Johnson decided to create SALT (strategic arms limitation talks) because he knew abolishing nuclear weapons would be impossible but there was a chance he could decrease the amount in a hope to make US and Soviet relations better.
Détente was used during this time because in creating these treaties the hope was to help resolve problems between the two countries. This is what the countries hoped would happen.
These treaties were important because they helped avoid war and resolve problems that the countries had with each other. They came to a consensus before having to fight in war. Also about 1,600 missiles were stopped during this time.
GOVERNMENT: US 1960s- Democracy, US now- Democracy
GOVERNMENT: Soviet Union 1960s- Communist (Socialist) Soviet Union now- Russian Federation
SALT I and II decreased tension between the United States and the Soviet Union because the use of weapons between the two countries has been decreased and there are treaties to prove so. As of today there is very little tension due to the fact that the leaders of both Russia and the US are in close contanct.
In December of 1985, SALT II was ended which led to both START treaties. START is the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty. This proposed limits on the number of nuclear weapons each side was allowed.