Racial Urban Segregation in the 20th century
The history of South Africa is heavily characterized by the dramatic presence of colonialism first and apartheid after. These two macro periods inevitably shaped the structures of cities, producing urban spaces that are racially and economically segregated.
Despite the shift from racial dictatorship to democracy, today South African cities still experience drastic racial exclusion and deep social inequality.
One of the most urban urgent issue in the city of Cape Town is probably the massive presence of informal setting in the suburbs.
In addition, the problem lies in the fact that urban poor people have been gone through a continuous process of evictions from the central neighbors of the city to the marginalized slums, the so-called townships.
The privatization and commodification of service delivery is a process that is not new to South African Urban Governance.
After the freedom from the apartheid regime (1994), the country experienced a great shift to neoliberal practices and this had relevant consequences in the system of housing for example. Neoliberal trends and pressures from the global market resulted in a dramatic increase of the price of rentals