Born in the 30th March 1853 and dead in 29th July 1890. Considered the best Dutch artist with or behind Rembrandt.
His influence on expressionism and abstraction was enormous, so big that it can be seen in many paintings from the 20th Century's life.
Life and Work
Vincent Van Gogh was born in. A city called Zundert, in the Netherlands. His dad was a protestant minister and his mum didn't work, she was keeping the house clean, tidy... and was in charge of the children. Van Gogh's dad's profession was appealing to a point that he would be drawn to a certain point after in his life.
These are some photos from the festival in Van Gogh's birth place. Zundert:
At age 16 Vincent started to work for the art dealer Goupil & Co. in The Hague.
Goupil and Co in the Hague
His younger brother Theo, whom he had a great relationship with, joined the company.
Van Gogh and Theo sent each other lots of letters where we can see the relationship that they had.
In 1873 he was transferred him to London and then to Paris. He became increasingly interested in religion. In 1876 Goupil dismissed him for lack of motivation.
He became a teaching assistant in Ramsgate near London, then returned to Amsterdam to study theology in 1877.
After dropping out in 1878, he became a layman preacher in Belgium in a poor mining region known as the Borinage where even preached down in the mines and was really concerned with the lot of the workers. He was dismissed after 6 months and continued without pay. During this period he started to produce charcoal sketches.
In 1880, Van Gogh went back to the Netherlands thanks to the advice of Theo as the aprendices of of Anton Mavue. Soon they would split up but the things learnt with Mavue were present in every painting.
In 1881, he proposed marriage to his cousin, who was a widow, and was rejected. Later on that year he would move in with a prostitute and her children. Her name was Sien Hoornik. They married although Van Gogh-s father and brother were not in favour of it. They later separated.
He was impressed and influenced by Jean-Francois Millet so Van Gogh focused on painting peasants and rural scenes. He moved to the province Drenthe, later to Nuenen, North Brabant, all in The Netherlands.
In 1885 and 1886 he went to an academy in Belgium (Antwerp). He was dismissed by his professor a few months later. However, he got references from Japanese art which he started to collect. He admired everything from it. Some of its painting's background are Japanese art-based.
In 1886 he moved in with Theo to Paris, where they shared a house at Montmartre. There, he met artists such as Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec or Paul Gauguin. There, he discovered Impressionism and made pointillism a part of his style. Van Gogh should be considered a post-impressionist.
In 1888, when city life and living with his brothers proved too much, Van Gogh left Paris and went to Arles, Bouches-du-Rh, France. He was impressed with the local landscape and hoped to found an art colony. He decorated a "yellow house" and created a celebrated series of yellow sunflower paintings for this purpose. Only Paul Gauguin, whose simplified colour schemes and forms attracted van Gogh, followed his invitation. The admiration was mutual, and Gauguin painted van Gogh painting sunflowers.
However their encounter ended in a quarrel. Van Gogh suffered a mental breakdown and cut off part of his left ear. Gauguin left in December 1888
Vincent van Gogh now exchanged painting dots for small stripes in his style. Then he suffered from depression and in 1889, requesting it, Van Gogh was admitted to the psychiatric center at Monastery Saint-Paul de Mausole in Saint Remy de Provence, Bouches-du-Rh, France. During his stay here the clinic and its garden became his main subject. Pencil strokes changed again, now into spiral curves
In May 1890 Vincent van Gogh left the clinic and went to the physician Paul Gachet, in Auvers-sur-Oise near Paris, where he was closer to his brother Theo, who had recently married. Gachet had been recommended to him by Pissarro; he had treated several artists before. Here van Gogh created his only etching: a portrait of the melancholic doctor Gachet. His depression aggravated. On July 27 of the same year, at the age of 37, after a fit of painting activity, van Gogh shot himself in the chest. He died two days later, with Theo at his side. He was buried at the cemetery of Auvers-sur-Oise; Theo unable to come to terms with his brother's death died 6 months later and was buried next to him. It would not take long before his fame grew higher and higher. Large exhibitions were organized soon: Paris 1901, Amsterdam 1905, Cologne 1912, New York 1913 and Berlin 1914.
La tristesse durera toujours (french for: Sadness will last forever)- Vicent Van Gogh (29/6/1890) last words.
Vincent van Gogh's mother threw away quite a number of his paintings during Vincent's life and even after his death. But she would live long enough to see her son become a world famous painter.
Several paintings by Van Gogh rank among the most expensive paintings in the world. On March 30, 1987 Van Gogh's painting Irises was sold for a record $53.9 million at Southeby's, New York. On May 15, 1990 his Portrait of Doctor Gachet was sold for $82.5 million at Christie's, thus establishing a new price record.
The only painting he sold during his lifetime, The Red Vineyard, was created in 1888. It is now on display in the Pushkin Museum in Moscow, Russia.
Famous paintings by van Gogh
Entrance to the public garden at Arles
Church at Auvers-sur-Oise
Vegetable gardens at Montmartre
Starry nicht over the Rhone
Impressionism as the objective study of light did not encourage so essentially a subjective study as the self-portrait but in the later expansion of the movement this self-representation was given renewed force by Cézanne and van Gogh. The latter has often been compared with Rembrandt in the number and expressiveness of his self-portraits but while Rembrandt's were distributed through a lifetime, van Gogh produced some thirty in all in the short space of five years --- from the end of the Brabant period (1885) to the last year of his life at St Rémy and Auvers. In each there is the same extraordinary intensity of expression concentrated in the eyes but otherwise there is a considerable variety.
From the Paris period onwards he used different adaptations of Impressionist and Neo-Impressionist brushwork, separate patches of color being applied with varying thickness and direction in a way that