Indonesia has experienced the grave consequences of recruitment and exploitation by terrorist groups, both domestically and abroad. Through its leadership in the Bali Call for Action, a political declaration that endorses the “UNODC Roadmap on the Treatment of Children Associated with Terrorist and Violent Extremist Groups”, the national government is reaffirming its strong commitment to the protection of children, as well as the rehabilitation and reintegration of those associated with terrorist and violent extremist groups.
After the rise and fall of the so-called Islamic State, a large number of children remain deprived of their liberty as a result of their alleged association with terrorist groups. The justice sector is confronted by massive caseloads and warrants for arrests, including children and young people held in detention centres and prisons under difficult conditions, with no capacity to support them with rehabilitation or adequate services. In addition, the government is now facing increased challenges to provide appropriate treatment to child returnees. Providing specialized assistance to all children associated with terrorist and violent extremist groups in Iraq, in a context of social cohesion and reconciliation, is an urgent priority.
The recruitment and exploitation of children, including girls, have been integral to the tactics employed by terrorist and violent extremist groups in Nigeria. National Authorities have expressed growing interest in developing a common approach and coherent strategies to better serve and protect children under the framework of the ‘National Action Plan for Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism’. Interventions to promote stabilization, rehabilitation and reintegration in the most affected communities are now on the forefront of the national agenda.