How to Draw Portrait Edition

Drawing can be anything that people can set their minds to when it comes to a landscape or a portrait. Anything can be drawn and put onto a piece of paper. But, is it really that easy? Well, yes but there are tools and techniques that are used in order to draw a landscape or a portrait. Tools such as pencils not only used for drawing but for measuring, how to transfer from tracing paper to Bristol, and the techniques used for shading.

First we have the measuring portion of the drawing.

In order to measure properly, there needs to be a box around the image so that it will be easier to find the points that need to be measure. The box that is drawn around the young woman's face starts at the very bottom of her chin, goes the farthest right ending at the hairs, to the top of her head, and then to the farthest left about the beginning of her shoulder. The first measurement is the half way point to see if the box fits to her face.
Like it is shown in the image, the three chunks are from the bottom of the chin to the bottom of the nose, from the bottom of the nose to where her eyes are, and then from the eyes to her forehead.

Later on when it comes to measuring, the face is broken down into three chunks.

Now, when those measurements are in place from the original picture, on the tracing paper, there is a smaller 5X7 box where the image will be drawn on. Taking the measurements from the original, the artists takes smaller measurements in order for the new image to fit in the box. Making markings for the bottom of the chin to the bottom of the nose, from the bottom of the nose to where the eyes are, and from the eyes to the forehead. All the same measurements but a smaller proportion from the original photo and still only using a pencil as the ruler.

Now obviously what comes next is taking those measuring techniques and use them to start drawing the image.

It is a tedious process because if the artist messes up one part of the picture, then they have to see where else the messed up in the image and start over. Measuring is a key aspect for a drawing because without measuring, the image the artist wants might not come out like they want it to. Now as it is shown in the image, slowly but surly the nose was measured out and then drawn along with the eyes, the eyebrow, and the hair. While everything was being drawn out, a pencil was still used to measure out the image. It is amazing that a pencil can be used as a ruler and the best images come out.

Next is the transferring of the image from tracing paper to bristol board. Now there is no set image of the transferring process but what was used to transfer was a light box. The image that is shown however is the after shot of the transferring.

Using the light box, the artist takes bristol board and places that on top of the drawing that is on the tracing paper. When the light is turned on, the artist can begin to trace out the image. There are other techniques of tracing. One example would be to flip the tracing paper over and taking a pencil to shade where the lines are. Then taking the back of the tracing paper and placing it on top of the bristol. After that, the artist then takes a pencil and draws the image from the tracing paper and the image transfers over on the bristol. That is a longer and a tedious process but it is another method used if there isn't a light box around.

After a few tears have been shed and the vast amounts of Chick-Fil-A has been eaten for comfort, the shading process for the image begins. This process is probably the true meaning of patience because this takes up so much time. Shading the eye alone can (and did) take two hours just to get it perfect but beside the point, the technique that is used is small circles. Literally, the shading portion is drawing light or dark small circles in the same motion and same pattern in order for the image to look crisp and even.

They are very small but there are tiny circles in the image that are drawn in a circular motion. Like it was stated before (if it's repeated it's important) all it is, is that the artist uses the proper amount of pressure on the pencil they are using and just makes a circular motion in order to get the proper shading. Over time, the image will start to have the details shown along with the major parts of the face and the shadows that add the effect to the image.

After many hours of measuring, tracing, and shading (along with comfort food and late nights) the image will be finished. Now most of the time, the image does look close to the original with the proper technique. Sometimes, there are obviously some bumps and things that don't match up but it's the amount of effort and hard work that was put into the image is what counts. After using the techniques, the artist is able to produce an amazing piece of art work no matter if it looked close to the original or if there were some issues along the way.

Credits:

Created with images by Arturo Espinosa - "PP12 19"

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