The Primacy of the Pope
Jesus said to Saint Peter "I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven." It seems Jesus is granting Peter an authority over the Church.
Primacy of the Pope
There have always been opponents to the pope’s authority and universal jurisdiction over the Church, also called papal primacy. The teaching was reaffirmed several times.
Primacy of Peter
St. Paul acknowledges that Peter is the first to have received an appearance from the Risen Lord: “he appeared to Cephas (Peter), then to the Twelve” (1 Cor 15:5).
First Vatican vs. Second Vatican
The First Vatican Council further defined papal infallibility. The Second Vatican Council and the popes that followed have worked to restore unity with the Orthodox Church.
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