history of havana
La Habana, ( listen)) is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial centre of Cuba. The city proper has a population of 2.1 million inhabitants and it spans a total of 728.26 km2 (281.18 sq mi) – making it the largest city by area, the most populous city, and the fourth largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean region. The city extends mostly westward and southward from the bay, which is entered through a narrow inlet and which divides into three main harbours: Marimelena, Guanabacoa and Atarés. The sluggish Almendares River traverses the city from south to north, entering the Straits of Florida a few miles west of the bay.
The city of Havana was founded by the Spanish in the 16th century and due to its strategic location it served as a springboard for the Spanish conquest of the continent, becoming a stopping point for treasure-laden Spanish galleons returning to Spain. King Philip II of Spain granted Havana the title of City in 1592.Walls as well as forts were built to protect the old city.The sinking of the U.S. battleship Maine in Havana's harbor in 1898 was the immediate cause of the Spanish–American War.
ethnic groups / religion
About 51% of the total Cuban population are described as mulattos. Whites (primarily of Spanish descent) make up about 37% of the total; blacks account for 11%; and Chinese for 1%. Virtually the entire population is native-born Cuban.approximately 85% of all Cubans were nominally Roman Catholic, but the Church itself conceded that only about 10% were active members. From the early 1980s into the 1990s, Roman Catholics represented about 40% of the population. A 2004 report indicated that only about 40–45% of the population were nominally Catholic. Some sources indicate that a large number of the population adhere to varying degrees of syncretic Afro-Caribbean, such as Santería. The Baptists are believed to be the largest Protestant denomination. Other denominations include Jehovah's Witnesses, Methodists, Episcopalians, the Assembly of God, and Presbyterians. There is a very small Jewish population.
* Empanadas (empanadillas) and Pastelitos: meat-stuffed, fried or baked turnovers similar to Italian calzones. *Arroz con pollo - chicken and rice *(Boliche - stuffed pot roast *Boniato con mojo - sweet potatoes in a garlic citrus sauce *Cocido de garbanzos - chickpea stew *Congri - red beans and rice *Dulce de leche - caramel sauce from sweet milk used to flavor cookies, cakes and candy *Flan - a pie or tart, often with a custard base, used as both a sweet and savory dish *Huevos habaneros - eggs Havana-style with tomatoes, peppers and cumin *La Caldosa - Chicken soup *Maduros - fried sweet plantains *Moros y cristianos - black beans and rice *Pan con bistec - a steak sandwich on pressed cuban bread *Pan con lechón - a roasted pork sandwich on pressed cuban bread *Pulpeta - meatloaf *Rabo encendido - oxtail stew * Ropa vieja - shredded flank steak or other meat in a rich sauce
attractions/things to do
Old Havana (Habana Vieja) ,The Malecón ,Castillo de los Tres Reyes del Morro ,Fortaleza de San Carlos de la Cabana ,El Capitolio (National Capitol Building) ,Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes ,Paseo del Prado ,Gran Teatro de La Habana,Fusterlandia ,Museo Napoleonico ,Plaza de la Revolucion (Jose Marti Memorial),Museo de la Revolucion,Miramar, Playas del Este
Explore Old Havana and Central Havana. This is best done on foot. Spend a few hours or a day in each location.Explore the suburbs. There are 2 ferries which departs every 20 minutes from Old Havana and cross the harbor. One goes to the town of Casablanca, the other goes to the town of Regla. The trip takes about 15 minutes. The fare costs half a peso per person . It’s equivalent to about 2 cents USD, so it’s basically free.The main reason people go to it is because it has a train station and because it has an amazing lookout point from which you can see the whole city of Havana from across the harbor. Also, there is a massive marble statue of Christ, on the top of the hill. It’s really cool to see.You have to walk along the Malecon at night. The best area is near the corner of 23rd street. On a hot night, it will seem like the whole city is perched on this sea wall. You’ll meet all kinds of people in this area. It’s all part of the Havana experience and it’s perfectly safe. Hang around, and you will be able to make some friends.There is a cool nature park at the end of 23rd street, under the bridge leading to Miramar. It’s called Parque Almendares or Isla Josefina. If you want to relax a bit, you should definitely check it out. It’s a fantastic place to go on a hot day when you have no other plans.
Havana, like much of Cuba, has a tropical climate that is tempered by the island's position in the belt of the trade winds and by the warm offshore currents. Under the Köppen climate classification, Havana has a tropical savanna climate.
For international exchange purposes 1.00 Cuban Convertible Peso = $1.00 USD. Note that there is a 10% penalty charged when exchanging USA dollars cash, so, you will only receive 87 centavos CUC for one USA dollar when changing the money, allowing for the 10% penalty and a 3% currency exchange fee.expect to spend at least 45 dollars a day plus where ever you deside to stay at the price will very.For a week at Melia Habana it is 413 cuban pesos
Kapcia, Antoni. "Cuba." World Book Student, World Book, 2017,www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar142820. Accessed 3 Apr. 2017.
"Cuba." Worldmark Encyclopedia of Nations. . Encyclopedia.com. 10 Apr.2017<http://www.encyclopedia.com>.