GOAL: To improve cardiovascular health while preventing and treating potential risk factors that may lead to a cardiovascular event.
Overview: Heart disease is the number one most common cause of death in the United States. Stroke deaths rank fifth most common. The combination of these two conditions are among the most rampant in not only death, but also in cost, "accounting approximately $320 billion in health care expenditures and related expenses annually" (Healthy People 2020). Though heart disease may have genetic influence, most risk factors are modifiable.
Modifiable Risk Factors Include: high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, diet, exercise, and body weight.
Controlling these key risk factors can greatly reduce your chance for a cardiovascular episode.
Barriers to Obtaining Healthcare:
- Lack of responsiveness from Doctor
- Medical Bills
- Street Safety
- Low Income
- No Supplemental Insurance
The primary reason most elderly clients do not have access to health care is because they lack appropriate insurance, whether that is by employer or public. In order to overcome this challenge, its important to know that there are lots of local resources available to help! For example, CareSource Ohio offers low-cost plans that will work with your budget!
The Dash Diet is the quintessential diet for reducing blood pressure and losing weight. The diet plan gives you the guidelines on how many servings of each food category you can have based on your prescribed caloric intake.
This may be the most important nutritional fact about blood pressure that you need to know! Do NOT add salt! Lots of foods already come packaged with a certain amount of salt whether its natural or used as a preservative. Sodium intake raises your blood pressure, so you need to make sure you carefully watch your sodium intake and not add additional salt to any of your cooking.
Exercise can greatly reduce your blood pressure by means of losing weight. "Up to 60% of all hypertensive patients are at least 20% overweight" (Alexander). Even a modest weight loss of 5% can have an effect on lowering your blood pressure!
There are lots of resources in your local community. The City of Cincinnati has a program called The Health Resource Center of Cincinnati and they cater to low-income individuals and even the homeless. Call (513) 357-4602 for more information.
CareSource Ohio is another program that reaches out to low-income individuals that need assistance. Call 1-800-488-0134 for more information.
If you need assistance with traveling, check out this link to find information about Ohio Transportation Resources and all their locations throughout the state!