Foundations: of reform: some of the efforts to reform American society came from religious movements. One of the efforts was the Second Awakening. Which was a revival of religious feelings in the 1820s and 1830s.
Abolitionist: many people in the u.s. Started to speak out against slavery. Both black and white. The abolitionist movement began in the revolutionary era. Both Angelina and Sarah gimgkey gave lectures all over about the evils of slavery.
Women's Rights Movement
Women's rights movement: when Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth cady attended the world antislavery convention in London in 1840, they weren't allowed to speak. That's basically what started the women rights movement.
Prison reform and care of the disabled: a Boston school teacher by the name of dorathea dix agreed to teach a Sunday class at a jail. Little did she know her kindness would lead to a reform movement.
Public education: in the 1800s the reform movement made its way to the classroom. At this time few kids attended school. Efforts to change that was led by Horace Mann who's nicknamed the "father of American public schools."
Temperance movement: abuse of alcohol was very widespread throughout men, women, and even children. People linked the abuse of alcohol to crimes. By 1850 Maine banned the sale of alcohol and other states were quick to follow.