Slash-and-burn Neizan, Jose Javier, Victor, Valeria,Nikita

1. Introduction

2. What is it? And where it is mainly done.

3. What environmental impact does this technique have locally and globally?

4. Do you consider the technique to be a successful technique in the areas it is done?

5. Do you think MEDC’s have the right to criticise this farming technique? Why?

6. Conclusion

What is slash and burn and where it is mainly done?

Slash-and-burn agriculture, or fire–fallow cultivation, is a farming method that involves the cutting and burning of plants in a forest or woodland to create a land called a swidden. The preparation of this land is called assorting. This technique uses very little technology, we could say it only uses tractors and some cutting tools. It is often applied in shifting cultivation agriculture and in transhumance livestock herding.

Generally, the following steps are taken in slash and burn agriculture:

1. Prepare the field by cutting down vegetation; plants that provide food or timber may be left standing.

2. The downed vegetation is allowed to dry until just before the rainiest part of the year to ensure an effective burn.

3. The plot of land is burned to remove vegetation, drive away pests, and provide a burst of nutrients for planting.

4. Planting is done directly in the ashes left after the burn.

The main countries that are usig this technique today are: Bolivia, Thailand, Indonesia, Madagascar, and The democratic Rebublic of Congo.

Impacts of the technique slush and burn.

- Deforestation witch is the process of cutting down trees and crops. (amazon nowadays) Locally.

- Last decade 20% of Amazon destroyed, more than on the previous 450 years that American has been colonized. Locally.

- Produced habitat loss. (Extreme cases of species extinct) Locally

- Pollution, holes on the green house effect. (release CO2) Globally

- As temperatures rise with pollution, higher % accidental fires. Locally

- Soil erosion (the desertification of land when trees are cut out). Locally

Do you consider the technique to be a successful technique in the areas it is done?

Countries in which it wasn't successful: Bolivia

Countries in which it was successful: The democratic republic of Congo, Indonesia

Do you think MEDC’s have the right to criticise this farming technique? Why?

The more economically developed countries now a days, they don't use this type of agriculture. Slash and burn agriculture.

The structure of agricultural production in developing countries has radically changed in the last two decades. Since the late 60s and 70s, the World Bank, promoted the adoption of industrial agricultural methods such as the Green Revolution ‘miracle’ seeds, promising landfall yields.

The economic and financial crisis in developing countries led to the proliferation of loan packages from the international financial institutions.

What I want to say is yes, the more economically developed people have the right to criticize, this technique.

As a result the countries that are less economically developed, have not enough resources, they need to stay doing those type of technique, but we all together should invest in showing these countries more efficient and sustainable techniques. All humanity will win with these measures.

http://geography.about.com/od/urbaneconomicgeography/a/slashburn.htm

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slash-and-burn

http://www.ecologic.org/actions-issues/challenges/slash-burn-agriculture

http://www.bbc.com/news/business-23026219

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0167880995006516

http://www.meritnation.com/ask-answer/question/write-three-disadvantages-of-slash-and-burn-agriculture-exp/agriculture/10582165

http://projects.nri.org/inthefield/bolivia_s_b.htm

http://www.ourfutureplanet.org/news/331-slash-and-burn-farming

http://www.pearltrees.com/sarahbyles/farming-fishing-silviculture/id16787230

http://geography.about.com/od/urbaneconomicgeography/a/slashburn.htm. Updated July 25, 2016 Credit: Colin Stief, Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/colinjstief?ref=br_rs.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slash-and-burn.

http://www.ecologic.org/actions-issues/challenges/slash-burn-agriculture. Credit: 186 Alewife Brook Parkway, Suite 214 Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 United States of America, (617) 441-6300 | info@ecologic.org EcoLogic Logo 5 a calle 14-35, Zona 3 Apartamento 202, Edificio Las Tapias, Quetzaltenango, Quetzaltenango 09001 Guatemala

http://www.bbc.com/news/business-23026219. Credit: 24 June 2013, http://www.bbc.com/news

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0167880995006516. Credit: P.Bernard Tinker ,aJohn S.I. Ingram aSten Struwe b a) GCTE Focus 3 Office, Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK b)Department of General Microbiology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. Available online 29 March 1999.

http://www.meritnation.com/ask-answer/question/write-three-disadvantages-of-slash-and-burn-agriculture-exp/agriculture/10582165. Credit: Pavan Chauhan, https://www.crunchbase.com/person/pavan-chauhan#/entity

http://projects.nri.org/inthefield/bolivia_s_b.htm. Credit: Natural Resources Institute. University of Greenwich, Central Avenue, Chatham Maritime, Kent, ME4 4TB, United Kingdom. Phone: +44 (0)1634 88 0088, Fax: +44 (0)1634 88 3386

http://www.ourfutureplanet.org/news/331-slash-and-burn-farming. Credit: Wednesday 6 January 2010, http://www.hazelhenderson.com/ , info@ourfutureplanet.org.

Credits:

Neithan- 1 part Jose Javier - 2 part Victor- 3 part Valeria- 4 part Nikita- presentation, bibliography

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