High rates of biodiversity loss around the world are affecting ecosystems and putting attempts at sustainable development at risk. Biodiversity plays a key role in protecting communities from the effects of climate change and ensuring human populations have a dependable food supply especially from marine habitats. Conservation efforts such as the Endangered Species Act in the US and the the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) identify the species most at risk of extinction and limit their hunting and trade to protect species. In addition to habitat loss for agriculture and the overharvesting of wild populations, the poaching of species at risk such as rhinos, lions and elephants poses even more threats to conservation and biodiversity.
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