Values & Beliefs
The United States - Tried everything in it's power NOT to go to war. Anti-war marches and protests started as small among peace activists on college campuses, but then ended up gaining national attention. Within three years, protest groups earned the support of high officials. Long story short, the USA did not want to go to war. They did not want to pull young men from their families and force them to fight a war that lasted nearly 20 years.
Vietnam - The Vietcong's tactics. They fought a guerrilla war, ambushing US patrols, setting booby traps and landmines, and planting bombs in towns. ... The Americans couldn't identify who the enemy was.
United States: Men and kids as young as 18 are being drafted to fight in Vietnam. There are protest groups that forming, and marches taking place in streets across the nation. Violence is starting to break out at these protests because people want their husbands, fathers, sons and brothers home.
During the Vietnam war, a musical evolution began to rise. Refugees started writing collections of musical pieces that have become "classical" anthems for Vietnamese people both in Vietnam and abroad. Artists like Phạm Duy and the "Bob Dylan of Vietnam." Văn Cao wrote the national anthem.
The news was not doing very much to bring attention to what was truly happening in Vietnam. When America fully understood what was happening and what they're men were being sent to fight, they became outraged. The media used this to spread the word, cause fear, and turn American against Vietnam. They eventually used this to bring young troops into the spotlight.
GOVERNMENT & FOREIGN POLICY
Economic and social support in South Vietnam before the US even got involved with the war. Yet slowly, throughout the presidencies of John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson, the goal of modernizing South Vietnamese society and containing communism became increasingly implemented by military means.
In America, men as young as 18, would have to join the war effort. As soon as they either graduated from high school, or became of age, they were needed along with all the other American troops, in Vietnam. On December 1, 1969, the Selective Service System of the United States conducted two lotteries to determine the order of call to military service in the Vietnam War for men born from 1944 to 1950. So then they no longer had a choice.
During the Vietnam war, there were many ups and downs - especially at home. The mothers were already expected to work around the house, but now they were expected to join the war effort and prepare their kids to join. The young girls just as their mothers. The young boys studied in school, but as soon as they turned 18 most of them would immediately enroll into the war. Most men in the family would also have to insist in the army. Otherwise they'd work on building bullets, guns, planes and other war materials.
Re-Integration into society
For many, returning home from war was difficult. Young men who had seen the most graphic of images, fought and lived through one of the most brutal wars in history, were expected to return home. Many had trouble facing their trauma. Families felt distant, they often fell apart and families went through divorces. American society had completely changed and was now being asked to revert back to it's former self. Mothers went found jobs
The United States was not involved in the war for at first. The Soviet Union and America were seen as world superpowers. Communist-backed Russia started supporting Northern Vietnam, the U.S. got involved to help Southern Vietnam - who was also one of the United States' partners in trade.
As soon as America became involved, they were supplying Southern Vietnam with supplies they needed to fights, and materials civilians need to survive. Vietnam went to war with each other because Southern Vietnamese wanted to change the government from the communist-backed North Vietnamese. The U.S. was just trying to help them.
Vietnam coincided with the protests of the Civil Rights Movement and the rise of Black Power during 1960s America. Whilst African-Americans were discriminated at home but also within the U.S. armed forces, the effects of black power, the impact of the Civil Rights struggle. Amidst increasing tension, black soldiers embraced Black Power: culturally and politically. Vietnam was America’s first racially integrated conflict. Black and White men had fought in segregated units during war before, but now they fought side by side.