The Democratic Republic of the Congo By Chylee Hall

The Democratic Rebublic of the Congo is a large country towards the center of Africa. The DRC is populated with around 81.6 million people. It is best known for its lush forests, covering 45% of the country. It is also one of the poorest countries in Africa, despite being rich in copper and diamonds. (CAPTION: A forest in the DRC.)

CAPTION: Useful information about The Democratic Republic of the Congo.

What is the location of The Democratic Republic of the Congo? Location is defined as a particular place or position. The DRC's location is central sub-Saharan Africa, bordered by Angola, Congo, Central African Republic, South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, partially Tanzania, and Zambia. (CAPTION: The DRC on an African Map)
Kinshasa on map, Kinshasa's City Hall (Palais du Peuple), Popular Landmark in Kinshasa (Lola Ya Bonobo) Park, downtown the main streets of Kinshasa.
Kinshasa is on the very west coast of The DRC. It lies on the border between The DRC and The Republic of the Congo. (CAPTION: The main city streets of downtown Kinshasa.)

CAPTION: Sight-seeing video in The DRC's capital, Kinshasa.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is on the continent of Africa. It is the second largest country in all of Africa. (CAPTION: The DRC on an African Map)
One landform in The DRC is the Congo River, along with the Congo Rainforest. The Congo River is 2,733 miles long. The Congo Rainforest is the second largest Rainforest in the world, next to the Amazon Rainforest. (CAPTION: Overhead view of the Congo River.)
Another landform in The DRC is Mt Stanley. Mt Stanley is the highest point in the country standing tall at 16,765 ft. It is the third tallest point in all of Africa. (CAPTION: Mount Stanley.)
The DRC during the summer in Kinshasa, a man in The DRC during the winter in downtown Kinshasa, a chart of the climate variations in The DRC.
The climate in The Democratic Republic of the Congo is tropical; hot and humid in equatorial river basin; cooler and drier in southern highlands; cooler and wetter in eastern highlands; north of Equator - wet season April to October, dry season December to February; south of Equator - wet season November to March, dry season April to October. (CAPTION: chart of different climates in the DRC.)
The Democratic Republic of the Congo's bordering countries.
The DRC is bordered by Angola, Congo, Central African Republic, South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, partially Tanzania, and Zambia. (CAPTION: The DRC and all it's bordering countries on map.)
Some of the bodies of water in the DRC are the Congo River, Lake Albert, Lake Tanganyika, Ubangi River, Lake Mweru, and the Kasai River. (CAPTION: *above* chart of bodies of water that run through the DRC. *behind* waterfall in Lake Tanganyika.)
What is it like to live in The Democratic Republic of the Congo? Place is defined as a particular portion of space. Many different sorts of natural resources, cultural groups, religions, holidays, etc are found in the DRC. (CAPTION: children that live in the DRC.)

CAPTION: An intro to life in The Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is actually rich in natural resources. Despite being one of the poorest countries in Africa, in the DRC you can find an abundance of diamonds, gold, rubies, etc. The money made off of the resources isn't given to their people, though, it stays bound to the government's pocketbook, while everyone else is left to suffer. Although, the DRC's people are forced by authorities to work every single day to help bring the government money.

CAPTION: children are now even forced into labor to help find valuable natural resources.

CAPTION: Men in the DRC are forced to work numerous hours a day to mine for gold, diamonds, coltan, or anything else worth value, everyday.

Some natural resources you can find in The DRC are copper, gold, diamonds, uranium, coltan, and oil.

CAPTIONS (of glide show images): working men in a resource mine, children working to find jewels, men working hard to find valuable resources, teenagers working to find jewels in a stream.

A culture group that lives in The Democratic Republic of the Congo are the Luba people. They live in the lower parts of the DRC. The Luba people tend to cluster in single street villages, with homes with rectangular thatched roofs on both sides of the street whose lineage is usually related.The homes were in the savanna and forests. They were founded in the 5th century (AD) and have a current population of almost 14 million. (CAPTION: location of Luba people on map)
CAPTION: traditional Luba people early 1900's and 2005.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo is 80% Christian. They are 50% Roman Catholic, 20% Protestant, and 10% Kimbanguist. All are branches of Christianity. (CAPTION: Congolese people praying in a cathedral.)

Congolese people praying, religion pie chart, and outside of a cathedral in Kinshasa, DRC.

Most of the traditional Congolese holidays are basically the same as American holidays. Christmas is the most celebrated holiday in The DRC. Mentioned before, 80% of the DRC is Christian, so they love to celebrate the birth of Jesus. (CAPTION: dance celebration on Christmas Day in Kinshasa, DRC.)
CAPTIONS: children performing their music to celebrate Christmas, young children opening their gifts on Christmas Eve, and more children preparing themselves to act out a nativity play.

Only young children get presents for Christmas in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, since they're too young to learn about Jesus and the Bible, etc. Also, older-young children, around age 10 or so, act out very long plays that represent the birth of Jesus Christ and the events around that time. Families in the DRC usually have nicer dinners than usual, if they're one of the lucky families that can actually afford to have a somewhat nicer meal.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo has a democratic government, hence their name. Joseph Kabila is the current president serving almost 11 years in office. Although, the DRC claims that their presidents can only serve two, five year terms. There was actually supposed to be a election in November of 2016, but people boycotted the election, causing many riots. Also, the DRC can barely afford an election right now. The election has been delayed until April 2018. (CAPTION: Joseph Kabila, president of The DRC.)
Palais du Pueple is the only building in The Democratic Republic of the Congo used for government. Everything the president does, says, etc., is all done here. (CAPTION: The DRC's whole government in one building, the Palais du Pueple.)
How do people affect The Democratic Republic of the Congo? Human-Environment Interaction is how humans change the environment, and how the environment changes the humans. (CAPTION: a group of children in the DRC.)
Cassava, Plantains, Maize.
The main types of crops grown in The DRC are Cassava (a potato-like root), Plantains (bananas), and Maize (corn). (CAPTION: a common dish in the DRC, fried plantains.)
Common jobs in The DRC are usually manual labor ones, like farming, construction, or mining. (CAPTION: a man building furniture for people's homes.)
CAPTIONS: teenage girl at work from home. *bottom* some of the few women that actually have jobs.

Most teenage girls have to drop out of school because while their fathers are at work, their mother are doing other housework or taking care of young children. Teenagers that aren't in school make clothing or run errands. Some women who have jobs, for example, are farmer's wives, gathering produce to make their family dinner.

In The Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Bonobo, or Pygmy Chimpanzee, are endangered. These animals are killed for their skins and used for clothing. There are only about 800 left in their natural habitat in the forests of The DRC. (CAPTION: Pygmy Chimpanzee.)
CAPTIONS: Bonobos found in the DRC.

CAPTION: Lola ya Bonobo is a sanctuary for Bonobos in Kinshasa. Unlike zoos, the bonobos are free to roam wherever they like, imsatead of having to stay in a habitat.

An environmental issue in The Democratic Republic of the Congo is deforestation. Since they have a very large forest, the Congo Rainforest, the DRC thinks it's okay to cut down the trees. Therefore, the population of trees in the Congo Rainforest is decreasing at an exponential rate. Because they don't think deforestation isn't an issue, no means of stopping it have been established. (CAPTION: Congolese man at work cutting down a tree in the Congo Rainforest.)
Region is defined as an area or division, especially a part of a country or the world having definable characteristics but not always fixed boundaries. (CAPTION: a landscape near Kinshasa, The DRC.)
The education isn't the best in The DRC. The government promises a free education, but schools somehow find ways to make families pay for their children to go to school. Since most families don't have the money for that, the kids end up dropping out and working, rather learning. (CAPTION: some of the few children in school.)

CAPTIONS: young children in school. Teenage girls still in school is a very rare sight to see in the DRC. Only 23% of females age 13-18 are still in school.

Facts about The Democratic Republic of the Congo. 1.) The population is about 67.5 million. The density is about 24.8. 2.) The area is about 905,400 square miles. 3.) The GDP per capita is $484.21. 4.) The life expectancy for everyone is about 50 years. 5.) The literacy rate for the whole country is 63.8%. 6.) The DRC is in the Tropical climate region. (CAPTION: DRC flag on shape of country.)
How do people, ideas, and goods move in and out of The Democratic Republic of the Congo? Move,met is defined as an act of changing physical location or position or of having this changed. (CAPTION: people moving goods throughout their city.)
The DRC imports/exports Refined Copper and Copper Ore. They make about $70 billion a year, making them the 101st top international seller in the world. (CAPTION: copper factory where copper is prepared to be shipped.)

CAPTION: a video representing how copper is processed in the DRC.

CAPTIONS: Refined Copper. Copper Ore.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo's flag is a sky blue flag, adorned with a yellow star in the upper left corner and cut diagonally by a red stripe with a thin yellow frame. Blue represents peace. Red stands for "the blood of the country's martyrs", yellow the country's wealth; and the star a radiant future for the country.
The DRC gained their independence from Belgium on June 30, 1960. Belgium was ruling over them and forcing apartheid, so the DRC rebelled and won the battle. (CAPTION: male teenagers that went to battle for the DRC.)
In The Democratic Republic of the Congo, they don't have many telecommunications. Only certain privileged cities have television, radios, telephones, and internet. There are around 20 radio stations, 30 television stations, and about 60,000 telephone users in the whole country. (CAPTION: a man using his cell phone in Kinshasa, the DRC.)

CAPTION: A shortwave radio station in the DRC.

CAPTIONS: a food television show featuring the DRC's version of Rachael Ray; Patience. *bottom* a woman with her president on the back of her cell phone.
The DRC has very many ways of transportation. All quite modern, but a bit less "fancy" than in America. People travel by car, train, bike, boat (or other watercraft), etc. What I meant by "less fancy" was that the DRC doesn't have to money to produce the best of vehicles. They use what they can put together and get to work. (CAPTION: a van packed with a family's resources.)
CAPTIONS: Congolese people's ways of transportation by boat and train.
The Democratic Republic of Congo speak in French. Since the age of European invasion and apartheid, the French owned th DRC for a large portion of time, and apartheid laws forced them to follow the French culture, hence keeping their language. (CAPTION: a pin representing the current alliance between the DRC and France.)
The Democratic Republic of Congo was supposed to have an election back in November of 2016. President Joseph Kabila has served his both of his legal terms in full. 10 years in total. Why is he still in office? He made an announcement to the country that the DRC simply cannot afford an election at the moment, so he delayed it until April 2018. This started riots throughout the country because they think that Kabila is just trying to stay in office to make his way to a potential dictatorship. (CAPTION: a riot in Kinshasa after Kabila's announcement.)
CAPTION: a advertisement for the DRC election, before Kabila's announcement.

CAPTION: an opinionated "news" story about Kabila possibly becoming the DRC's disctator.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is known as "The Rape Capital of the World". Women are unequal to just about anyone else. For example, a woman named Carine was taken away from her husband and child by warlords. When she finally got her daughter back, the warlords forced them to eat. They ask her, "Do you know this is your husband you're eating?" Her husband died in the war, and she was left to fend for herself and her baby, being forced to do whatever the "servicemen" said to. (CAPTION: a women rights movement in downtown Kinshasa.)
CAPTION: women's discrimination statistics (2016).
CAPTION: the cover of a feminism magazine issued for March 2017.
Visit The Democratic Republic of the Congo! If you're interested in beautiful wildlife and nature, the DRC is the place for you. Filled with tons of green space, parks, animals, and of course culture, the DRC could be a very relaxing getaway! There are tons of potential hiking grounds, why not explore them all? (CAPTION: men kayaking in the Lukaya River.)
CAPTION: Boyoma Falls, formerly known as Stanley Falls, consists of seven cataracts, each no more than 5 m high, extending over more than 62 mi along a curve of the Lualaba River.
CAPTION: Mount Nyiragongo is an active volcano, 3470 m in the Virunga Mountains associated with the Albertine Rift.
CAPTION: The Virunga National Park, formerly named Albert National Park, is a 7,800 kilometer National Park that stretches from the Virunga Mountains in the South, to the Rwenzori Mountains in the North.
CAPTION: Salonga National Park is Africa's largest tropical rainforest reserve covering about 36,000km.

CAPTION: a more lifelike take on the beauty of The DRC.

In what's known as the "Rape Capital of the World", you can probably infer that childhood isn't within the best of terms. Boys are being drafted at the age of 13 for the never-ending civil wars and forced to quit school. They also might have to quit school to work in the mines. Girls usually are forced to quit school in 6th grade and work at home for little to no pay. Other than that, their style, behavior, etc. are the same as the U.S.A, very modern. (CAPTION: women in college taking a dance class in the 1980's, which is very unusual for today's women, because today only 6% of women in the DRC go to college.)
CAPTIONS: boys playing basketball for their school's team. *bottom* a boy who is in the military and is only 19 years old.
Created By
Chylee Hall
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Created with images by idfg - "Mt. Stanley"

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