Dissociative Identity Disorder Created By Maren Cooper

WHAT IS DISSOCIATIVE IDENTITY DISORDER?

Example of D.I.D, from the movie Split
dis·so·ci·a·tion_____ /diˌsōSHēˈāSH(ə)n/_____ -the disconnection or separation of something from something else or the state of being disconnected.

Dissocitation is the disconnection between a person's thoughts, feelings, memories, actions, and environment.

Dissociative identity disorder (DID), previously called Multiple Personality Disorder, is Identifiable by the presence of either two or more distinct personalities. Each personality can have its own unique name, age range, personal history, and characteristics.

Terms

  1. Core personality: the individuals origional personality
  2. Alters: the seperate personalities (has many other names as well)
  3. Switch: from one personality to another

These terms are obviously not the only ones used bu they are the most common phrases used when association with D.I.D patients

Causes

Under normal circumstances, dissociation can can occur through daydreaming, highway hipnosis, or loosing yourself in a book or movie. However, when that is pushed to more extream limits it changes from simple and common dissociation to a dissociative disorder.

The true causes of D.I.D are still unknown but there are different theories.

  • Changes within the Limbic system in the brain are hypothesized to be a contributor in the development of D.I.D. Due to its direct ties with emotions and memory

Diagnosis & Symptoms

RARE- fever than 200,00 cases of D.I.D per year

Diagnosis:

  • Cannot be cured (treatment can help)
  • Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
  • Requires a professional medical diagnosis
  • Neurotransmitters that respond and regulate the experience of stress are the most commonly affected chemicals in D.I.D.

Symptoms:

The common symptoms can be broken up into the following groups...

Behavioral:

  • Impulsivity
  • Self-destructive behavior
  • Self-harm

Mood:

  • Anxiety
  • Depersonalization
  • Mood swings

Psycological:

  • Altered consciousness
  • Depression
  • Flashbacks

& Other:

  • Amnesia
  • Blackouts
these symptoms help support the given hypothesis (shown above) due to factors in the symptoms, such as the mood swings which would be a result from issues with the amygdala (i.e it not functioning properly), and the flashback which would derive from the hippocampus. Both of which are apart of the brains limbic system

Treatment

Treatmet for Dissociative Identity Dissorder involves talk therapy

There is no know cure for D.I.D. Because the dissorder is chronic, long-term psychiatric help/treatment is utilized to help the individual (in a sense) gain control of the 'alters'.

Credits

Photo

https://fsmedia.imgix.net/fe/d8/c9/44/5e54/47d9/a248/032a9018b4f2/james-mcavoy-in-split.jpeg

Photo

http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_jvinTDh__2I/TNWw6PM-SWI/AAAAAAAAACk/jcn6ekmmUts/s1600/11_multiplepersonality.jpg

photo

http://img.webmd.com/dtmcms/live/webmd/consumer_assets/site_images/articles/health_tools/schizophrenia_overview_slideshow/webmd_rf_photo_of_mri_brain_scans.jpg

web pages:

healthyplace.com, anidonat.com, WebMd.com, PsycologyToday

Credits:

Created with images by cogdogblog - "Cerebral Moleskin" • frankieleon - "discounted therapy"

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