Stonehenge By: tanishqa

Introduction

Stonehenge is a Bronze Age monument located in the city of Salisbury, England. It was built between 5,000 to 4,000 years ago and is made out of sandstone and bluestone. Nobody ''discovered'' it as it has been known since the beginning of its construction. The earliest written record of it was in the 12th century by Henry of Huntingdon in the book Historia Anglorum. But nobody knows WHY it was built.

Theory 1

Released in 2012

Stonehenge River Side Project, funded by the Arts and Humanities Council

Stonehenge marks the 'unification of Britain', a point when people used to work with other people across the island and used a similar style of building things.

This would explain why they were able to bring bluestones from west Wales and and how the labour and resources that went into constructing it.

Theory 2

Professor Mike Parker Pearson

University of Sheffield

''This is very different to the religionalism of the previous centuries. Stonehenge itself was a massive undertaking, requiring the labour of thousands to move stones from as far away as west Wales, shaping them and erecting them. Just the work itself, requiring everyone to literally pull together, would have been an act of unification.''

These are the exact words he said. And it supports the other theory.

Theory 3

Released in 1963

Astronomer Gerald Hawkins

Stonehenge was a computer for predicting eclipses. He identified 165 key points in the Stonehenge complex and found that many of them are strongly correlated with the rising and setting positions of the sun and moon. Some archaeastronomers have claimed it is an acient 'observation'. Lots of people celebrate summer solstice there however in 2005 findings indicate that it was used to celebrate winter solstice.

This is a good theory however many people disagree with him as they say in the Neolithic people did not have knowledge of eclipses.

Conclusion

The evidence suggests that Stonehenge symbolises the 'unification of Britain' and that it was built for that purpose. There are 2 theories that support this conclusion and both are reliable. The evidence that religion was not big in that period of history so I think that the people came together to build this monument for other reasons like social activity. I also think that the people from Wales had blue stone and worked together to bring it to Stonehenge.

Bibliography

LiveScience -

Stonehenge: Facts & Theories About Mysterious Monument, By Owen Jarus. Viewed 25 February 2017 <http://www.livescience.com/22427-stonehenge-facts.html>

History -

Who built Stonehenge? How and why did prehistoric man build the massive stone structures at Stonehenge. Viewed 26 February 2017 <http://www.history.com/topics/british-history/stonehenge>

Ancient History Encyclopaedia -

Definition, By Brian Haughton. Viewed 26 February 2017 <http://www.ancient.eu/stonehenge/>

The Telegraph -

Why was Stonehenge built?The eight most popular theories, By Lucy Kinder. Viewed 28 February 2017 <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/picturegalleries/howaboutthat/10523016/Why-was-Stonehenge-built-The-eight-most-popular-theories.html>

Independent -

Stonehenge: The most unusual theories about why the mysterious monument was built, By Doug Bolton. Viewed 6 March 2017 <http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/origin-of-stonehenge-theories-wales-a6763911.html>

Created By
Tanishqa Cole
Appreciate

Credits:

Created with images by tanfelisa - "Stonehenge" • Peter G Trimming - "Sunset at Stonehenge" • VicWJ - "Dscf0021" • anujohanna - "stonehenge stones england" • Bryan Pocius - "Sunset?" • Leshaines123 - "Stonehenge Stones #dailyshoot # leshainesimages #Amesbury"

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