Understanding the past: Crystal River Site... Culture and History
The crystal river mound site: a cosmopolitan community Cosmopolitan... belonging to all the world; not limited to just one part of the world No naturally occurring copper, came from someone else Came from somebody else or travelers from Florida picked it up and took it back home. See it in the desert southwest Architecture determined cosmopolitan
Music: Peruvian Copper pan flutes have been found Made in wood but wrapped with copper
Crystal River Site... 61.55 acres along the Crystal River Mound H is rectangular platform with a long ramp Mound K/J: Native Americans ate everything there (ate a lot of oysters) Clarence B. Moore (hired by Smithsonian) drew artifacts did accurate map of crystal river called donut Moore 1901, 1903, 1917 Ridley Bullen archaeologist set the designations called bullen designations...
1500 to 2000 bodies
Mound A: 30ft. (height), first recorded by C.B. More in the early 1900s Bulldozed 2/3 to build a trailer park
1993 noname storm, destroyed the trailer park, four feet of water. Sold the property.
Midden B: mounds J and K by bullen in 1960 Excavations in midden B and mound K by bullen
Main burial complex: excavated by both Moore and bullen
Contained many exotic materials and artifacts Came from the golf of Mexico Canoes brought back materials to make it
E: 20 meters wide Biggs Mound Kentucky
Mound H: excavated by bullen 15ft tall, ramp points to plaza area thought to be used for ceremonial gatherings Still in tact Lined directly under the milkyway
Mound G: 5ft. Tall Bullen excavated over 30 burials from Mound G in the 1930s Totally separate group, executed their burial ground Possible for multiple cultures to live in one area
Stele: purposefully placed rock The big rock was to Welcome or warn the approach ceremonial center Deteriating quickly 70s and 80s acid rain was terrible
Interaction and trade: the Making of a cosmopolitan community Connection by smaller designs and motifs Marine shell traded for exotic materials in midwestern region
Artifacts found... Hand is very common known as the southern cult. What's next? Dug out canoe, recovered from a site, 45 min away from Gainesville Used as a mantel, lady sold to the state for research purposes New interpretive science Window to the past: took it down in 1981, could see a skeleton Federal law to display human remains
Throughout the dig, we worked on quads SE and NE. First we cleared up TU9 by clipping any unwanted weeds that had grown since our last archeology dig. After TU9 was all cleaned up, we worked on shaving the dirt to find any artifacts on the surface.
Continuing this process, we came across a record breaking amount of 33 flakes only within 10 CMBD! Below are quite a bit of artifacts that we found.