The Spencer repeating rifle was a manually operated lever-action, seven shot repeating rifle produced in the United States by three manufacturers between 1860 and 1869. Designed by Christopher Spencer, it was fed with cartridges from a tube magazine in the rifle's buttstock.
Cannons played a major role in the the civil war. Some of the cannon used by union and confederate forces include the 12 pound Howitzer, the 10 pound Parrot rifle, and the 3 inch ordnance rifle.
During the Civil War the North and South used a great variety of small arms ammunition, but the type most used was the minie ball. The Minié Ball (aka Minie Ball) was a type of bullet that was used throughout the Civil War. Designed to expand while traveling along the rifle barrel, it increased muzzle velocity as well as providing spin to the bullet, expanding its accuracy and range.
Swords were still used widely in the civil war. Popular swords include the Model 1832 Foot Artillery Sword, Model 1832 Dragoon Saber, Model 1840 Light Artillery Saber, and the Model 1840 Army Non-commissioned Officers’ Sword.
The Civil War is often to referred as the first "modern" war in history as it included the most advanced technology and innovations of warfare available at the time.
This is a more in depth photo of the cannon.
The War Between the States was the first large and prolonged conflict recorded by photography. During the war, dozens of photographers. This is an image of the 8th New York militia, in front of a tent in 1861.
Most of the rifles during that time were loaded with a small lead musket ball or with a minnie ball (or Minié ball) and black powder.
The Ketchum hand grenade was a grenade used in the American civil War. It was used in the battle of Vicksburg and Petersburg.
The site that I used to help me complete this project was http://www.historynet.com/civil-war-weapons Thank you!