The Big Red Scare

The Red Scare in post-World War I America was the fear of Communists invading the country and overthrowing the Government.

One of the main sparks was the Russian Revolution in 1917, lead by Vladimir Lenin.

But it first started with a staggering amount of labor strikes in the US, after World War I.

Many laborers first started to strike because Woodrow Wilson focused on the war instead of their wants, which consisted of: better conditions, higher wages, shorter hours.

After the war, however, conditions weren't better for laborers, which lead to some striking for "a new industrial order."

Some examples of strikes include: Railroad workers pushing for the Plumb Plan, United Mine Workers striking for nationalization of mines, the IWW wanting to join Canada's "One Big Union," and farmers in the great plains joining Arthur C. Townsley's "Nonpartisan League."

One Big Union was based in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
The Nonpartisan League was also based in Alberta, Canada.

Newspapers also used propaganda to instill fear into the American public.

As well as the new film industry.

While the country was swept up in the fear of communism taking over, Professor Gordon S. Watkins of University of Illinois figured that there were 39,000 members in the Socialist party, 10,000-30,000 members in the Communist Labor party, and 30,000-60,000 members in the Communist party. Only 1/10th of 1% of the population considered themselves Communist.


Created with images by @joefoodie - "Communist Party"

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