Anne Frank Portfolio Rachel Lee - Period 2

Anne Frank Biography

Exploring Amsterdam

Anne Frank House

The house is located in Amsterdam, Netherlands. Anne calls their hiding place the Secret Annex. The Frank family shares this space with the Pfeffer family. The lower floor is occupied by Otto Frank's pectin business. The upper floors are where the secret annex is located. The annex can only be seen from the back of the building which is why it is an ideal hiding spot.

View of the back of the annex
Bookshelf leading to the secret annex

Westerkerk Church

The Westerkerk is a Dutch Protestant Church located in central Amsterdam, on the bank of the Prinsengracht canal. It is one minute's walking distance from Anne Frank's house. Anne mentions in her diary that she can hear the chimes of the bells.

The church is located on the canal.
Westertoren Bell Tower

Nuremberg Law

Chart used to establish if a person is of German or Jewish blood.

1) Marriage between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood are forbidden. Marriages nevertheless concluded are invalid, even if concluded abroad to circumvent the law. Annulment proceedings can be initiated only by the State Prosecutor.

2) Extramarital intercourse between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood is forbidden.

3) Jews may not employ in their household female subjects of the state of German o related blood who are under 45 years old.

4) Jews are forbidden to fly the Reich or National flag or to display the Reich colors. They are, on the other hand, permitted to display the Jewish colors. The exercise of this right is protected by the State.

5) Any person who violates the prohibition under I will be punished by a prison sentence with hard labor. A male who violates the prohibition under I will be punished with a prison sentence with or without hard labor. Any person violating the provisions under III or IV will be punished with a prison sentence of up to one year and a fine, or with one or the other of these penalties. The Reich Minister of the Interior, in coordination with the Deputy of the Führer and the Reich Minister of Justice, will issue the Legal and Administrative regulations required to implement and complete the Law. The Law takes effect on the day following promulgations except for III, which goes into force on January 1, 1936. Nuremberg, September 15, 1935 at the Reich Party Congress of Freedom.

The Nuremberg law were laws that were established by Germans to preserve the pure German blood. They were also meant to restrict Jews. For example, Jews were not allowed to marry a person of German blood. If laws were disobeyed, Jews were punished severely. The laws were cruel and unfair to the Jews. The Nuremberg Laws were the foundation of discrimination for Jews, later leading to the Holocaust.

Propaganda

Propaganda is biased information used to publicize a point of view. Propaganda can often be misleading or untrue. Propaganda played a huge role in World War 2. There are many ways to portray propaganda. Demonization is making the enemy seem evil or murderous. Emotional appeal is playing on people’s emotions in order to promote the world effort. In Hitler’s case, he used fear to promote war against Jews. There are many different forms of propaganda including film, posters, speeches, etc. For example, Hitler used demonization in his speeches to make the Jews seem evil. He also used propaganda to encourage war.

Characters

Anne Frank

Anne was born June 12, 1929. She is described as lively and wanted to be a famous author. Anne and her family go into hiding when Anne is 13 years old. She is taken to a Nazi Camp when she is 15. Anne died in Bergen Belsen in February of 1945.

Otto Frank

Otto Frank was born May 12, 1889 in Frankfurt am Main. He had two brothers and a sister. He is described as calm and as a leader. Otto had a special relationship with Anne. He was the only one of the Anne Franks family that survived the concentration camps. Otto died at the age of 91 on August 19, 1980.

Miep Gies

Miep was born February 15, 1909. When the Frank family goes into hiding, she watches over them and brings them supplies and food. She would be described as kind and caring. Miep had saved Anne's diary and had given it to Otto when the war ended. She died at the age of 100 on January 11, 2010.

Margot Frank

Margot was born February 16, 1926. She is 3 years older than Anne. She could be described as the opposite of Anne. She was very studious and kept to herself. Margot and Anne got along fairly well, but they did have occasional fights. Margot died of Typhus fever in Bergen Belsen on March 9, 1945.

Act 1 Summary

The first scene takes place after the war in the Frank’s annex where Otto Frank is saying his final goodbyes to Miep and to Amsterdam. The remainder of Act 1 is the beginning of their of hiding in the secret annex. The entire Frank family, along with their guests Mr. and Mrs. Van Daan, and their son Peter are the originals occupants of the annex. Miep and Mr. Kraler have agreed to watch over them and to bring them food and supplies. When Peter and Anne first meet, Anne writes about how she is not sure about if she likes him or not. Later in Act 1, after an argument, she decides that he is the “most intolerable and insufferable” boy she has ever met. At first, Anne doesn’t know the “true” meaning of going into hiding. After she tries to go down the stairs into the warehouse and her father stops her telling her she is never to leave open the door, she realizes what “going into hiding” really means. In Act 1, we see the characters true personalities and traits. Anne is always is speaking her mind and standing up for what she believes is right. She doesn’t get along very well with her mother because she “always is treating her like a child”. Her sister, Margot, is very quiet and we don’t learn much about her. Peter is also very reserved and he and Anne don’t seem to get along very well. Mrs. Van Daan, which Anne notes, is flirtatious with Otto. Mr. Van Daan is very grumpy, greedy, and rude to everyone especially Peter and Anne. In scene 4, Dussel arrives at the annex because he was in need for a place to stay during the invasion. He shares a room with Anne. Anne says that he takes up all of the time and space in the room. The end of the scene is their celebration of Hanukkah. Anne decides that she wants to become a better person, so she puts together Hanukkah gifts for each member of the annex.

Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising took place from April 19, 1943- May 16 1943. 13,000 people died in total and 56,000 people were deported. 300 German soldiers were killed. As a result of the uprising, the act of resistance had raised the morale of Jews everywhere, not only in Poland.

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