SPAIN by Mollie Morris

Regional Influences on Food Production in Spain

Location of Spain

Spain, along with 2 other countries such as Portugal and Gibraltar is located within the Iberian Peninsula. Spain is approximately 85% of the landmass in the Peninsula and has borders within the Mediterranean Sea from south and east as well as the Bay of Biscay towards to north and the Atlantic sea to the west.

History

The Phoecians

Within the sixth and seventh century BCE. Phoenicians, the natives of the Fertile Cresent had arrived on the peninsula. They were great maritime traders as well as trading maritime, the brought and grew olive trees within the country.

The Greeks

During the fourth century BCE, the greeks began to enter into Spain, and brought with them "plenty of highly developed" skills in the grain production including storing certain grains for a long amount of time. This then would improve the grain production and this increased dramatically which allowed the Greeks to transport any grains back to their home. The greeks also brought in fishing and the collection of shell fish, to this day shell fish are important to Spain's cuisine.

The Romans

By the end of the second century, the Romans had arrived in Spain and brought in many attributes to the country. The Romans were very respected for their knowledge and their expertise in agriculture productions as well as transportation. The Romans had a massive impact on food in Spain, within the time the Romans had arrived, they had discovered that the villages had been creating crops and also made the production more extensive.

The Moors

In 711 CE the Moors had arrive in Spain. The Moors had came from North Africa and were nomadic people ("living the life of a nomad; wandering."). They had settled in Spain for almost 700 years and also had an influence on the food. The Moors had introduced ingredients such as honey, citrus fruit, almonds as well as spices.

Spanish Explorers

Christopher Columbus, had also brought in many new ingredients to Spain as well such as tomatoes, potatoes, corn, peppers, chocolate and vanilla from his voyages from the Atlantic to America in the 1400's

Geography and climate

The countries that were surrounding the Mediterranean sea shared a same climate. They all had warm summers and winters that were cool but as well as mild. Because of the hot temperatures during the summers, this tended to let some countries suffer through drought but they could also suffer with a heavy amount of rainfall during the winter. But these climate conditions had allowed olive trees and grapes, these crops were what became very important in the development of Spain within agriculture .

The Pyrenee Mountains

These mountains run across the north of the country, the mountains divide Spain and France. Throughout these mountains there were animals such as sheep, and cattle that would graze on the grass. Spain's soil, is very rich to the natives and was very important to agricultural regions.

Religion

When the Moors had raided Spain for about 800 years, the main religion that was followed was Islamic Faith but at the same time, Spain had a major impact by another religion named the Sephardi Jews. But in the 1400's Christian forces eventually had took control of the country

Traditional foods of spain

Olive Oil

The Phoenicians first introduced this ingredient in 650BCE and plants olive trees all over Spain. Olive oil was a mandatory ingredient that you needed when you were cooking for this cuisine. To this day, Spain has over 300 million olive trees planted .

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