World War ll taylor massey

World War ll was caused twenty years after World War l, and World War ll was caused by lingering disputes and arguments.

World War ll lasted for six years, ranging from 1939 to 1945.

The buildup to the war included many warlike acts, or more commonly known as terrorism

The main three leaders of the Allied powers were Winston Churchill, President Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin.

Winston Churchill was the Britain leader, Roosevelt was the American leader, and Joseph Stalin was the Russian leader.

(In order) Winston Churchill, President Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin

The Soviet Union invaded different countries at different times, such as the USSR invaded Finland on November 30, 1939.

Winston Churchill refused to make peace with Germany, to Hitler´s surprise.

Bernard Montgomery and Dwight D. Eisenhower led the invasion of Normandy in Germany.

Dwight D. Eisenhower and Bernard Montgomery

The Us, Great Britain, Russia, and China were the four nations that founded the United Nations.

China, however, became a member of the Allies after the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941.

The main three leaders of the Axis powers were Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, and Emperor Hirohito.

Adolf Hitler was the German leader, Benito Mussolini was the Italian leader, and Hirohito was the Japanese leader.

Hirohito, Adolf Hitler, and Benito Mussolini

Erwin Rommel was one of the smartest German general, he commanded their army in Africa and led the Invasion of Normandy.

Erwin Rommel

The German army invaded Paris on June 14, where the French cabinet pleaded for an armistice.

Yamamoto Isoroku was the Japanese fleet admiral that led the attack on Pearl Harbor.

Yamamoto Isoroku

Germany and Italy created a strong bond by the Pact of Steel on May 22, 1939

The Pact of Steel later became the Tripartite Pact when Japan signed it on September 27, 1940.

The Attack on Pearl Harbor occurred before eight am on December 7th, 1941, in Honolulu, Hawaii.

USS Arizona sinks during the attack on Pearl Harbor

The attack lasted only two hours, but the events that turned out were devastating.

Hundreds of Japanese fighters destroyed twenty American naval vessels, eight battleships, and more than 300 airplanes.

More than 2,000 American soldiers and sailors died while another 1,000 were injured during the attack.

Although the attack was a surprise, America and Japan were edging war to each other for decades.

An 1800-pound bomb was launched through the deck of the USS Arizona, sinking it with almost 1000 passengers trapped inside.

The Holocaust is made from the Greek words ¨holos¨, which means whole, and ¨kaustos¨ which means burned.

The Holocaust occurred in 1941 and ended in 1945 within concentration camps within Poland.

The Holocaust is historically referred to as a sacrificial offering burned on an alter.

The groups included were six million European Jews, along with Gypsies and homosexuals.

During each day at death camps, almost 13,000 Jews were killed each day.

For an example, the camp located in Auschwitz alone, more than two million Jews were brutally murdered.

Furnace located in Death Camp, where the remains of Jews were burned.

There were many ways were they died, including starvation, disease, freezing to death, worked to death, poison gas chambers, shooting ranges, some of the cars they were stuck in pumped out carbon monoxide from exhaust pipes, Jewish laborers also then had to carry the dead bodies and stick them in the furnaces.

Hitler was one to value good propaganda so he appointed Joseph Goebbels as the head of propaganda.

Joseph Goebbels

Joseph had two main tasks; to ensure nobody could know anything damaging to the Nazis and to make sure the views of the Nazis were good.

Propaganda in Nazi Germany

Joseph made sure the message was across by May 1933, and to do so he created the first organized book burning.

Book Burning

Joseph also controlled the film industry, or movies. Films only about the greatness of Hitler, Jews, how bad European Germans were treated, etc.

To make sure everyone could hear Hitler´s speeches, they put out speakers on the streets and ordered restaurants and cafes to play his speeches.

Joseph´s most well-known form of propaganda were the light shows. In each August, they would shine spotlights in the sky from arenas.

The Battle of Normandy, or D-day (Doomsday) lasted two months, from June to August 1944.

The Battle of Normandy was also known as Operation Overlord, where about 156,000 American, British, and Canadian forces attacked.

Forces fighting against the Axis.

Allied forces landed on five beaches along a fifty-mile stretch of the heavily armed coast of France´s Normandy region.

Forces lining up on the beaches

The invasion was the largest military assault in history, and required extensive and excessive planning.

The five beaches the Invasion of Normandy took place on was called ¨Omaha Beach¨.

The Normandy Invasion was the first act to turn the tide against Nazi Germany.

On August 6, 1945, an American B-29 bomber dropped an atomic bomb over Hiroshima.

The bomb that was dropped was the world´s first deployed atomic bomb.

The ¨Little Boy¨ dropped on Hiroshima.

The explosion wiped out ninety percent of the city, killing 80,000, later, more would die because of radiation exposure.

Three days later, a second B-29 bomber dropped another bomb on Nagasaki, killing about 40,000 people/ citizens.

Emperor Hirohito then surrendered through a radio address on August 15.

Over the radio address, Hirohito cited the ¨devastating power of a new and most cruel bomb.¨

Adolf Hitler committed suicide on April 30, 1945, in Berlin, Germany in his secret bunker.

Hitler burrowed away in a refurbished air-raid shelter, consumed a cyanide capsule (pill), then shoots himself with a pistol.

The poison that Hitler consumes, cyanide, is a deadly poison that can be found in almonds, cassava, and lima beans. Cyanide, however, if consumed, takes up all of the oxygen in your body, therefore, the cells die. Organs such as your brain and heart would be the most damaged.

His wife, Eva Braun, also commits suicide along with Hitler, taking only a cyanide pill.

Hitler received the news that his men had to stop fighting and retreat, due to low ammunition. Hitler then decided that suicide was the only option.

He also received the confirmation the Mussolini and his mistress had been captured, shot, and hung upside down from a town square.

Mussolini and his mistress´s death

Hitler ordered that such humiliation will not be accepted, as he ordered his body will be burned.

Goebbels and Bormann later found Hitler and his wife´s body, carried it up to the main bunker, wrapped the bodies in blankets, drenched them in petroleum, then set them alight.

Goebbels, his wife, and their six children later committed suicide. Bormann disappeared and his body was never found. Rumors sparked saying that he somehow managed to flee to the coast of South America.

Works Cited

"Adolf Hitler Commits Suicide in His Underground Bunker." History.com. A&E Television Networks. Web. 27 Apr. 2017.

"Axis Alliance in World War II." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

History.com Staff. "Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 26 Apr. 2017.

History.com Staff. "D-Day." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 21 Apr. 2017.

History.com Staff. "The Holocaust." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

History.com Staff. "Pearl Harbor." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

"Propaganda in Nazi Germany." History Learning Site. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

World War II." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 30 Sep. 2015. Web. 28 Apr. 2017.

"World War II." Ducksters Educational Site. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

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