Vietnam War By Abby Christopher

Values/Beliefs: Before Vietnam: Nationalism, Instead of a government body composed of the ruling elite, selection of government officials was done by civil service examination. In 1941, the next four years the Communist Party and Viet Minh built an elaborate political network throughout the country and trained guerilla fighters in the mountains of North Vietnam. During:recognized the popular appeal of revolutionary nationalism within the country, and appreciated the limits of American power, then the ensuing tragedy might well have been averted. After:Although most veterans did succeed in making the transition to ordinary civilian life, many did not. More Vietnam veterans committed suicide after the war than had died in it. Even more—perhaps three‐quarters of a million—became part of the lost army of the homeless.
Values and beliefs of the US: Before:Before the war the US was very trusting and wanted to stay netural on most things, they were also still dealing with equal rights movement. Durning: The US was very trusting and didn't know who to trust, they did not want anything to do with communism. After:The Vietnam War damaged the U.S. economy severely. The U.S. had poured some $168 billion into the war.The conflict led Congress to end the military draft and replace it with an all-volunteer army as well as reduce the voting age to 18. The long and traumatic conflict saw a mounting mistrust of government and its officials.

Vietnam: Main force Vietcong units were uniformed, full-time soldiers, and were used to launch large scale offensives over a wide area. Regional forces were also full-time, but operated only within their own districts. When necessary, small regional units would unite for large scale attacks. If enemy pressure became too great, they would break down into smaller units and scatter. Communism was also a big part of their Military tactic.

US:They fought a hi-tech war, using B52 bombers, artillery, helicopters, napalm and defoliants (Agent Orange). This killed many innocent civilians, and failed to stop the Vietcong guerrillas.patrols went out looking for "Charlie", as they called the Vietcong. But the patrols were very visible, and easy to ambush. This led to atrocities such as "zippo raids" to burn villages, and the unprovoked massacre of peaceful villagers at My Lai in 1968.They also used a draft to force any boy as young as 18 to fight in the war against Vietnam.

Home Front

Vietnam: A lot of young Vietnames people don't have a huge problem with Americans, In the article I read it made it seem like the elders don't really talk about it despite the fact most of them are dead but mostly the parents talk about the war and the children just mind their own business because they can't relate because they have never had to experience something so tragic. It also talked about how there was only 4 pages in the person that wrote the article AP US history book.

America: They watch "60 minute war" which is basically them just hearing about the war and getting updates during their dinner time and discussing it with their families. This what consumed their lives durning the war, that's all they did was hear or talk about the war till it was over.

Music

Vietnam: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s64VShLFYTQ

In the 1960s, several now-influential artists appealed to the disaffected counterculture’s emphasis on peace and love

America: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I22GSY

Propaganda

Propaganda durning the Vietnam War in Vietnam

Information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.

Propaganda in the US durning the Vietnam War

Protest

Parades, pickets, demonstrations, marches, rallies, protests. No matter what they are called, perhaps the single most powerful, peaceful way to bring about social change is for people to stand together publicly on behalf of an important cause

a statement or action expressing disapproval of or objection to something.

When the Vietnam War started only a small percentage of the American population opposed the war. Those who objected to the war in Vietnam fell into three categories: people with left-wing political opinions who wanted an NLF victory; pacifists who opposed all wars; and liberals who believed that the best way of stopping the spread of communism was by encouraging democratic, rather than authoritarian governments.

http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/vietnam-war-protests

Media

Due to a misunderstanding from a TV host about the war Americans found out all the white lies the government said about the war, that made it seem like we were doing good. "we are mired in a stalemate that could only end in negotiation, not victory". For almost a decade in between school, work, and dinners, the American public could watch villages being destroyed, Vietnamese children burning to death, and American body bags being sent home

http://study.com/academy/lesson/medias-role-in-the-anti-vietnam-war-movement.html

the main means of mass communication (broadcasting, publishing, and the Internet), regarded collectively.

Though initial coverage generally supported U.S involvement in the war, television news dramatically changed its frame of the war after the Tet Offense. This meaning that as soon as the US thought they weren't gonna win the war they started doing unethical war practices like chemical warfare, the US later went to court about it

Economics

In 1975 the Vietnamese government inherited a country on the verge of economic collapse.Through progressive steps and powerful leaders Vietnam has become to make a stable economy for their people. Through a stable national policy, Vietnam hopes to create a functional national government, equity within society, ensure social welfare, alleviate poverty, and balance citizen’s rights with their responsibilities.

the branch of knowledge concerned with the production, consumption, and transfer of wealth.

The requirements of the war effort strained the nation's production capacities, leading to imbalances in the industrial sector. The goods that Americans were making were going oversea to help with war efforts which caused a lot of the imbalance.Despite the success of many Kennedy and Johnson economic policies, the Vietnam War was a important factor in bringing down the American economy

Goverment/Foreign Policy

Vietnam has a communist government and is one of the four remaining one-party socialist states in the world today. The president is the head of the republic, and the prime minister is the head of the government. It has three branches, the executive which is administered by the government and the president, the legislative which consists of the national assembly of Vietnam and the judiciary comprises of the courts.

Vietnamese foreign policy is facing a series of unprecedented challenges. Developments in the international affairs of Southeast Asia are generating considerable uncertainty and doubt among regional countries.

The governing body of a nation, state, or community. A government's strategy in dealing with other nations.

Federal Republic: A federal union of states or provinces with a republican form of government.

Throughout the presidencies of John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson, the goal of modernizing South Vietnamese society and containing communism became increasingly implemented by military mean.

Draft

In the United States, military conscription has been used many times during its wars, particularly in the Cold War. Even though the draft was abolished in 1973, men of draft age (between 18-25 years) still have to register with the Selective Service System within 30 days of the 18th birthday so a draft can be readily resumed if needed. During the Vietnam War, about two-third of American troops were volunteered, the rest were selected for military service through the drafts

compulsory recruitment for military service.
Family Roles

Though relatively little official data exists about female Vietnam War veterans, the Vietnam Women’s Memorial Foundation estimates that approximately 11,000 military women were stationed in Vietnam during the conflict. Nearly all of them were volunteers, and 90 percent served as military nurses, though women also worked as physicians, air traffic controllers, intelligence officers, clerks and other positions in the U.S. Women’s Army Corps, U.S. Navy, Air Force and Marines and the Army Medical Specialist Corps.

http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/women-in-the-vietnam-war

Re-integration into society

There are combat veterans who have mental health issues, just like there are civilians with the same conditions, but the service members who display mental problems are reported on with an attitude of “we told you so.” Although it is certainly unfair to the great percentage of combat veterans who re-integrate into society with few difficulties, it is the onus under which they must exist.

Credits:

Created with images by JustinJensen - "On the Water" • WikiImages - "viet nam war soldier young" • manhhai - "Vietnam War 1970 - Nui Dat" • Dimitry B - "Fiesta del Cruz Velacuy, Cusco, Peru" • MikesPhotos - "elvis presley music musician" • falco - "vietnam halong flag" • robert.claypool - "United States Flag" • stevepb - "newspaper news media print media" • Sonneteer - "2008-01-10_142458.JPG" • bfishadow - "Money" • Intellectual - "burning money dollars cash" • htt_billy - "phan thiet co thach beautiful" • Ronile - "statue of liberty new york ny" • Defence-Imagery - "fighter jet jet aircraft" • skeeze - "soldiers military attention" • jill111 - "family children woman" • Tim Green aka atoach - "Halifax Building Society"

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