CRISPR the future is near

What is the purpose of CRISPR?

CRISPR is a new technology that can alter your genes to eliminate disease, this will change the world in ways we have only dreamed of. According to the young genome project, “CRISPR-Cas9 is a unique technology that enables geneticists and medical researchers to edit parts of the genome by removing, adding or altering sections of the DNA sequence.” With this technology scientist would go find the virus, bacteria or gene that is being affected. They pinpoint the exact base pair and alter it. CRISPR is able to cure infections, virus, and diseases, but we are also able to change the entire genome. Bethany N. Bella from Council for the Advancement of Science Writing states, “CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) technology is different from most earlier gene-modifying techniques in that it can be used to change one gene, many genes or, even more radically, an entire genome. Depending on the genetic sequence being targeted, the mutations may appear in a single location or across an entire genome.” The mutation targeted could be something that runs in the family or came because of multifactor or behavior choices. This will cure the mutation of genetic disorders but only if scientist know what part of the DNA is affected. This technology will alter the way our future will turn out, for some people of authority that scares them, and they question the ability this will have and wonder what will happen if this get’s into the wrong hands.

Still not understanding all this scientific talk? Watch this video to know a little more about CRISPR and gene editing in general. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2pp17E4E-O8&scrlybrkr=13d46f5c ( Your going to have to copy and paste the link)

Why is this technology being questioned by government?

The pure thought that we can plan out a person’s life by just altering their genes, can become out of control. According to Robert Klitzman, a reporter from CNN states, Gene editing-Should we be worried he states, “Ultimately, the technique could be used for altering genes either inside you -- affecting only you -- or in embryos that will mold your children and their descendants. In the future, parents may want to give their children certain genes for blond hair and blue eyes, added height or certain kinds of athletic prowess.” The whole idea of CRISPR is to eliminate diseases. Either you can change it in the embryo - if you know your child has this genetic disease- or alter the gene when you are born or older. If we are able to eliminate disease in your genes, then we have access to your genes of hair color, personality trait, and more. The government is concerned about this because if it gets into the wrong hands, they could create a superhuman Army. Emily Marks a reporter from the university of Herold and According to Phys.org, “a lot of people hope that the CRISPR can soon be used to treat genetic disorders. However, it was noted that the technology is not yet as precise. Some researchers are also concerned that this powerful tool can be used for harm instead of for humanity's good.”

Having hope that your loved one will finally be relieved with pain is somewhat false hope. The only way you can treat your genetic disorder with CRISPR is if you know what gene has caused this mutation in your body. CRISPR has not been released to the general public yet or may never be. Only selective testing has access to CRISPR as of right now. The government is taking researchers advice on if this will do more harm then good for humanity because of the power in this technology. To continue our knowledge on CRISPR, researcher will have granted access to test this technology on humans.

How have scientist tested out CRISPR?

Like any new invention, the product must be safe and have a good purpose before it can get on the market. According to the article, A simple guide to CRISPR, one of the biggest science stories of 2016, written by Brad Plumer and Javier Zarracina, “In 2016 alone, researchers have shown CRISPR can do some truly astounding things, like create mushrooms that don’t brown easily or edit bone marrow cells in mice to treat sickle-cell anemia.” CRISPR is our future, we will continue to grow with technology and by altering food could be the way to start or in mice. They can help us understand how to use this and in proper ways. According to James Griffiths and Serenitie Wang, “On October 28, genetically modified cells were injected into a patient at the West China Hospital in Chengdu with aggressive lung cancer, according to the scientific journal Nature.”China has started the new era of technology. They were the first to try out this technology. They will watch carefully to better understand how to use this technology in not only treating cancer, but other diseases, viruses, or bacterial infections. To further our understanding of CRISPR, it’s important to know what people can do with it.

How is CRISPR being used for more than just avoiding viruses, diseases and illnesses?

CRISPR can help with a lot of things and eliminate diseases. “A medical breakthrough like that would be historic. It would spare millions from pain and suffering. It would save society hundreds of billions of dollars in health care costs every year.” Knowing your loved one doesn't have to suffer anymore is truly the unlimited desire for everyone. You don’t have to worry about if they will make it another day and you don’t have to worry if you will be able to pay the expenses of the horrific illness. Jay “There are a few efforts to use CRISPR to treat or even cure blindness in humans. Researchers have successfully removed a genetic mutation from mice that causes retinitis pig mentosa, a disease that ultimately leads to blindness. After a single injection of the CRISPR/Cas9 system, the rats were able to see better than a control group.”

Glossary

DNA sequence- Determining the nucleotides in the DNA molecule. You have to know the sequence to be able to alter a gene. Enzyme- a substance in a living organism that creates a biochemical reaction. Antivirals-Medication used for viral infections. Genetic Engineering-the deliberate modification of the characteristics of an organism by manipulating its genetic material.Bacterial Infections- A disease that is caused by microorganism that invades tissue. Embryo- An unborn offspring that can be altered by CRISPR to make you child disease free and personal traits that you can choose.

“Antibiotic 'Smart Bomb' Can Target Specific Strains of Bacteria”, Proquest. 30 Jan 2014. Web. 23 Jan. 2017.

Klitzman,Robert ."Gene editing: Should we be worried? (Opinion)." CNN. Cable News Network, 10 Feb, 2016 Web. 24 Jan. 2017.

Marks, Emily. "Latest CRISPR Discovery May Pave Way For Human Gene Editing." University Herald.03 Jan. 2017. Web. 25 Jan. 2017.

"Science is at War and the Biggest Battle Yet is Getting Vicious." Inverse. Jan 19, 2017.Web. 24 Jan. 2017.

Brad Plumer and Javier Zarracina. "A simple guide to CRISPR, one of the biggest science stories of 2016." Vox. Vox, 30 Dec. 2016. Web. 16 Feb. 2017.

"Chinese scientists use gene-editing techniques in humans for first time." CNN. Cable News Network, 15 June 2016. Web. 12 Feb. 2017.

Hanson, Jack. "Designer Babies”.Designer Babies Pros and Cons | Gene Therapy | Genetic Engineering.Web. 14 Feb. 2017.

"CRISPR is coming to agriculture - with big implications for food, farmers, consumers and nature." Ensia.Web. 14 Feb. 2017.

"If it works, CRISPR gene editing will change our lives." CNN. Cable News Network.Web. 16 Feb. 2017.

Bennett, Jay. "11 Crazy Gene-Hacking Things We Can Do with CRISPR." Popular Mechanics. Jay Bennett, 26 Jan. 2016. Web. 16 Feb. 2017.

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