National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)
The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) is the only national test of what students know and can do. The Elementary and Secondary Education Act requires state participation in NAEP reading and mathematics assessments in grades 4 and 8 every other year so that NAEP can serve as the common measure of student achievement. NAEP does not test each fourth or eighth grader in the state. A representative sample of schools is chosen to participate in the NAEP. No NAEP individual results are given for students or schools; only statewide results are reported. NAEP scores can be used to compare Alaska to the nation and to other states. NAEP assessments are designed to assess NAEP standards, also known as NAEP frameworks. NAEP does not assess students on the Alaska English Language Arts and Mathematics standards. For more information or for NAEP results, visit the DEED NAEP webpage (https://education.alaska.gov/assessments/naep). There are three achievement levels for each grade assessed by NAEP: Basic, Proficient, and Advanced. Proficient on the NAEP indicates students “have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter.”
Achievement-Level Policy Definitions Basic: Partial mastery of prerequisite knowledge and skills that are fundamental for proficient work at each grade. Students who do not reach this level of proficiency are reported as Below Basic. Proficient: Solid academic performance for each grade assessed. Students reaching this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter, including subject-matter knowledge, application of such knowledge to real-world situations, and analytical skills appropriate to the subject matter. Advanced: Superior performance. The tables on the following pages show how Alaska students’ scores on the NAEP assessments compared to public school students’ scores nationally in 2017. In addition to the three defined NAEP achievement levels there is a ‘below-basic’ data reported level. This level indicates any member of a subgroup who was assessed but did not meet the set cutoff score for each test type.