In 1966, the Supreme Court was presented with the Miranda v. Arizona case. In its decision Miranda's confession could not be used at trial because the officers had obtained it without informing Miranda of his rights. From then on police officers now have the read he so-called Miranda rights before questioning begins.
The Fifth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution provides citizens with a protection against self-incrimination. This means that the suspect has the right to remain silent and cannot be forced to testify against himself to herself at trial. Under the Sixth Amendment, a person accused of a crime has the right to the assistance of an attorney.
After an arrest, it is standard police practice to question, or interrogate, the accused. Interrogations often result in confessions or the accused admitting theyre guilty. These confessions or admittions are later used as evidence at trial.