History: Beijing City was established over 3,000 years ago and was called Jin City in the Western Zhou Dynasty. Ever since Emperor Qin united China in 221 BC, Beijing has played an important role in north China. It was the capital city in the Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. During these 800 years, 34 emperors lived and ruled here. The world renowned Forbidden City was built during this period.
Geography: Beijing is located in northeastern China at the northern tip of the North China Plain, near the meeting point of the Xishan and Yanshan mountain ranges. The city itself lies on flat land that opens to the east and south.
Culture: Beijing is just like the thickest encyclopedia, containing the cultural heritage of 5,000 history of China, absorbing the exploding knowledge of the current society, and foretelling the scenarios of the future development.
Beijing is one of the most ancient, best preserved, and most popular city in China.
Facts about Beijing
Beijing City was established over 3,000 years ago
It was called Jin City in the Western Zhou Dynasty
Beijing became a main focus during World War I.
Beijing is the capitol of China.
Beijing is home to one of the largest walls.
The Forbidden City is the largest palace in the world.
Beijing's most popular souvenirs include calligraphy brushes and ink pads.
Beijing was the capital of 6 notable dynasties and governments.
Beijing will be the first city to host both the Summer and Winter Olympics
Beijing Municipality has a population of almost 20 million people.
Breathing Beijing's air for six average days is the equivalent of smoking one cigarette
The best time to visit Beijing is May or October.
Beijing Capital International Airport is the second busiest airport in the world.
Beijing is considered to be the bicycle capital of the world because there are a lot of parking lots dedicated to bikes alone.
The chrysanthemum and the Chinese rose are Beijing’s official flowers.
Mandarin is the official language in China, and it is mostly based on the Beijing dialect. Learn more about the Chinese language
One of the main attractions that tourist like to visit near Beijing is the Great Wall of China. The Great Wall of China was built during the Qin Dynasty to defend invasions of the northern invaders. The best-known and best-preserved section of the Great Wall was built in the 14th through 17th centuries A.D., during the Ming dynasty. It was more seen as a psychological barrier between Chinese civilization and the world, and remains a powerful symbol of the country’s enduring strength.