Unit 5 Vocabulary The executive Branch

Chief of state: term for the president as the ceremonial head of the united states, the symbol of all the people of the nation

chief of Administration: term of the president as head of the administration of the federal government

chief diplomat: term for the president as the main architect of foreign policy and spokesperson to other countries

chief legislator: term for the president as architect of public policy and the one who sets the agenda for congress

presidential succession: scheme by which a presidential vacancy is filled

national bonus plan: maintains the Electoral College voting system but adds 102 bonus electoral votes to the existing 538 votes. It awards all the bonus votes to the winner of the popular vote

imperial presidency: term used to describe a president as an "emperor" who acts without consulting congress or acts in secrecy to evade or deceive Congress; often used in a reference in richard nixon's presidency

executive order: directive, rule, or regulation issued by a chief executive or subordinates, based upon constitutional or statutory authority and having the force of law

treaty: a formal agreement between two or more sovereign sates

recognition: the exclusive power of a president to recognize foreign states

line item veto: a president's cancellation of specific dollar amounts from a congressional spending bill; instituted by a 1996 congressional act, but struck down by a 1998 supreme court decision

pardon: is a government decision to allow a person who has been convicted of a crime, to be free and absolved of that conviction, as if never convicted

commutation: the power to reduce the length of a sentence or fine for a crime

domestic affairs: all matters not directly connected to the realm of foreign affairs

foreign policy: a group of policies made up of all the stands and actions that a nation takes in every aspect of its relationships with other countries; everything a nation's government says and does in world affairs

chief executive: term for the president as vested with executive power of the united states

chief of party: term for the president as the leader of his or her political party

commander in chief: term for the president as a commander of the nation's armed forces

chief citizen: term for the president as the representative of the people, working for the public interest

Presidential succession act of 1947: law specifying the order of presidential succession following the vice president

executive article: article 2 of the constitution which establishes the presidency and gives the executive power of the federal government to the president

oath of office: oath taken by the president on the day he takes office, pledging to "faithfully execute" the office and "preserve, protect, and defend" the constitution

ordinance power: power of the president to issue executive orders; originates from the constitution and acts of congress

executive agreement: a pact made by the president directly with the head of a foreign state; a binding international agreement with the force of law by which does not require senate consent

persona non grata: an unwelcome person; used to describe recalled diplomatic officials

reprieve: an official postponement of the execution of a sentence

clemency: mercy or leniency granted to an offender by a chief executive

amnesty: a blanket pardon offered to a group of law violators

foreign affairs: a nation's relationship with other countries

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