Muscle breakdown and the death of muscle which releases Myoglobin into the blood. This damages the kidneys.
There are many traumatic and nontraumatic causes of rhabdomyolysis. In the first category, causes include:
A crush injury
Long-lasting muscle compression such as that caused by prolonged immobilization
Electrical shock injury
Venom from a snake or insect bite
The use of alcohol or drugs such as heroin, cocaine or amphetamines
Extreme muscle strain
The use of medications such as antipsychotics or statins, especially when given in high doses
A very high body temperature (hyperthermia) or heat stroke
Diseases of the muscle such as Muscle enzyme deficiency
Viral infections such as the flu, HIV, or herpes simplex virus
Bacterial infections leading to sepsis
Muscle pain in the shoulders, thighs, or lower back
Muscle weakness or trouble moving arms and legs
Dark red or brown urine or decreased urination.
Diagnosed via blood test or urine test
If caught early the prognosis is good however if extensive kindly damage has occurred the damage may be irreversible and the patient may be left with permanent kidney damage which can lead to other health complications.
Treated with medication and kidney damage can be reversed if caught early enough.
"Rhabdomyolysis: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2016.
"Douglas Fairbanks." IMDb. IMDb.com, n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2016.