Rhabdomyolysis Tara Mershon

Causes

Muscle breakdown and the death of muscle which releases Myoglobin into the blood. This damages the kidneys.

There are many traumatic and nontraumatic causes of rhabdomyolysis. In the first category, causes include:

A crush injury

Long-lasting muscle compression such as that caused by prolonged immobilization

Electrical shock injury

Venom from a snake or insect bite

The use of alcohol or drugs such as heroin, cocaine or amphetamines

Extreme muscle strain

The use of medications such as antipsychotics or statins, especially when given in high doses

A very high body temperature (hyperthermia) or heat stroke

Seizures

Diabetic ketoacidosis

Diseases of the muscle such as Muscle enzyme deficiency

Viral infections such as the flu, HIV, or herpes simplex virus

Bacterial infections leading to sepsis

Symptoms

Muscle pain in the shoulders, thighs, or lower back

Muscle weakness or trouble moving arms and legs

Dark red or brown urine or decreased urination.

Diagnosis

Diagnosed via blood test or urine test

Prognosis

If caught early the prognosis is good however if extensive kindly damage has occurred the damage may be irreversible and the patient may be left with permanent kidney damage which can lead to other health complications.

Treatment

Treated with medication and kidney damage can be reversed if caught early enough.

Work Cited

"Rhabdomyolysis: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2016.

"Douglas Fairbanks." IMDb. IMDb.com, n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2016.

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