Whittier compares the creation of nature to music. Everything around nature has sound and it sound will never die away. Sound will always be everywhere.
His basically saying the ocean is the gate way to heaven. Prayer is made and praise is given showing that there is a higher being out there and the ocean reflects the sky to heaven making it look near and its far away at the same time.
When oceans waves reach the sand they bow in respect of god as for when people bow a knee to pray to god. It shows respect and honor to bow for the creator and the lord of the most high.
he talks about how the sea keeps the land pure or preserving it's innocence as it washes over it.
The resemblance of misty mountain tops to incense and the "sacred wine" is referencing water, the lifeblood of all living things.
A beautiful sunset thats apart of nature that god created. The hills in line with clouds above with the sun setting in between the hills. It's the beginning of it starting to get dark.
It talks about the structure of hymns where the ones of praise are generally louder than the ones about the pain endured to achieve the spiritual understanding which tend to be low and somber, the reference to that sadness is continued in the next two lines.
The sadness of nature as twilight passes into night ending he songs until morning comes to start them again.
It describes the earth as its own temple.
In the last stanza he talks about the earth still retains its frame much like old cathedrals and nature refuses to give in to ruin and shames the attempts of man to harvest it's bounty and leave it barren.
The first stanza of the poem gives a strong visual in nature. Nature is capitalized to show that the main point of the poem is about nature. It talks about natures song and how it never ceases to end singing. It create a image of music and nature and beauty. The images create a relaxing, calm, peaceful feeling.
In the second stanza, the author uses personification saying "And prayer is made, and praise is given, By all things near and far; ... " Like the ocean praising the lord by bowing. He also uses Metaphors in this stanza saying, "The ocean looketh up to heaven, And mirrors every star." The ocean can't really look up at the stars and mirrors every star is the reflection of the sky in the water.
The third stanza shows personification when it talks about the waves kneeling just like people. The waves can't actually kneel but it shows a image of the waves taking a knee to respect God and praise God while kneeling an bowing on the sand.
He talks about the ocean by saying,"They pour their glittering treasures forth, ..." When the ocean can't really pour anything but can wash stuff ashore. The sound of the waves is picked up and the sound spreads.
The earth lets out a sweet smell from the nature around and the earth was known the have poured her sacred wine. Which is a personification. This stanza creates a image of flowers and leaves full of dew an many mountains.
"The mists above the morning rills Rise white as wings of prayer; The altar-curtains of the hills Are sunset's purple air." The first part is a simile and the second part is metaphor. This creates a image of hills and a pretty sunset with clouds. It makes people get the feeling of happiness, Pleasure, and content.
"The winds with hymns of praise are loud, Or low with sobs of pain, - The thunder-organ of the cloud, The dropping tears of rain." This shows personification and shows kinesthetic movement. It also shows a visual picture of tears and auditory of praise.
This stanza shows Auditory and Visual. The visual is the trees crossing and grieving. "With drooping head and branches crossed The twilight forest grieves, Or speaks with tongues of Pentecost." Personification for speaking.
In the ninth stanza it creates a image of the sky and the earth and everything around. Also there is Kinesthetic cause of the clouds moving in the sky. Auditory is in the part where it says, "The music of its starry march The chorus of a prayer."
In the end the earth is angry and ashamed that the people are destroying nature. Nature has done so much for everyone and the shameless people are destroying the earth's nature when their actions. This sentence shows how the earth is ashamed of men and women, "And all her signs and voices shame The prayerless heart of man." This creates Visual and Auditory. It also shows Kinesthetic movement.