magna carta basically create the first treaty that between noble and kings to keep the right of Noble and baron in England. It list a lots of right include church rights, protection for the barons from illegal imprisonment, access to swift justice. also set up the council have 25 baron which decide big decision. this treat lead two big war in England. magna carta limit the power of king
English Bill of Right
English Bill of right written a 1689 become a British law. It declare the right that English people should have follow: i
- A frequently summoned Parliament and free elections
- Members should have freedom of speech in Parliament
- No armies should be raised in peacetime
- No taxes could be levied, without the authority of parliament
- Laws should not be dispensed with, or suspended, without the consent of parliament
- No excessive fines should imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted
English bill of right is what America bill of right base on, it create the right that people have and lead to a constitutional Country arise, English bill of right give power to people
Divine Right, Social Contract
The divine right of kings, divine right, or God's mandate is a political and religious doctrine of royal and political legitimacy. It asserts that a monarch is subject to no earthly authority, deriving the right to rule directly from the will of God
social contract theory is rightly associated with modern moral and political theory and is given its first full exposition and defense by Thomas Hobbes. After Hobbes, John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau are the best known proponents of this enormously influential theory, which has been one of the most dominant theories within moral and political theory throughout the history of the modern West.
Thomas Hobbes : all individual in nature are equal but pessimistic about humans everyone against each other. people give up right to a leviathan. society should only run by absolute monarchy.
John Locke: Human are good, society make people become what they are. he declare nature right as Hobbes. He think state exists to preserve life. people have the right to revolt if government doesn't provide those right.
Rousseau : social contract. Rousseau argued that the only good government was one that was freely formed and was guided by the general will of the people
Rousseau: Human will end up fighting each other, he is having the similar idea as Thomas Hobbes. Human need create a social contract to live with each other.