Vietnam Timeline By Emi Wallner

1945-1954

People:

Ho Chi Minh

  • Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader of Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam)
  • Prime Minister (1945-1955)
  • President (1945-1969)
  • Lived 1890-1969
  • Educated in France

Ngo Dinh Diem

  • South Vietnamese politician
  • Prime Minister of the State in 1954

Mao Zedong

  • Chinese Communist revolutionary and founding father of the People's Republic of China
  • Chairman of the Communist Party of China 1949-1976
  • Marxist-Leninist theories

Dwight D. Eisenhower

  • American politician and Army general
  • 34th President of the United States (1953-1961)

Viet Cong

  • Active 1954-1976
  • National Liberation Front
  • Political Organization
  • In South Vietnam that fought the United States and South Vietnamese governments

American Advisors

  • U.S. military advisory effort in Vietnam began in September 1950
  • The United States Military Assistance Advisory Group, Vietnam, was established in Saigon

Countries:

French Indochina

  • Grouping of the three Vietnamese regions of Tonkin (north), Annam, and Cochinchina (south)
  • 1887-1954

North Vietnam

  • 1945-1976
  • Communist

South Vietnam

  • 1955-1975
  • term "South Vietnam" became common usage in 1954
  • Non-Communist

Terms:

Geneva Accords

  • Agreements that temporarily separated Vietnam into two zones (Northern and Southern)
  • Produced during the Geneva Conference in 1954

1956

Countries:

United States

  • 1955-1975
  • Anti-communist

Terms:

Domino Theory

  • Fear that Communism would spread
  • Fear form 1950-1980

1961-1963

People:

Lyndon B. Johnson

  • American politician
  • 36th President of the United States (1963-1969)
  • Democrat from Texas

Terms:

Ho Chi Minh Trail

  • Series of trails
  • In use 1959-1975
  • Used by the North Vietnamese as a route for its troops to get into the South
  • Also used as supply route

1964-1968

Countries:

China

  • 1964-1969
  • Supported North Vietnam

Terms:

Guerrilla War

  • Groups use the element of surprise to eliminate the opponent
  • Used by North Vietnamese Communists (Vietcong)

Gulf of Tonkin

  • 1964
  • Gave broad congressional approval for expansion of the Vietnam War

Napalm

  • Substance that is a mixture of plastic polystyrene, hydrocarbon benzene, and gasoline
  • Jelly-like substance that, when ignited, sticks to practically anything and burns up to ten minutes
  • Used by U.S.

Agent Orange

  • Toxic chemical herbicide
  • Used from 1965-1970
  • Intended to deprive Vietnamese farmers of clean food and water

Tet Offensive

  • Coordinated series of fierce attacks on more than 100 cities and towns in South Vietnam
  • January 31, 1968

1969-1975

People:

Richard Nixon

  • 37th President of the United States (1969-1974)
  • 36th Vice President of the United States (1953-1961) under Dwight D. Eisenhower

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