Elements and Principles by James Hesse

Balance- Technique that involves capturing images within a frame so all parts of the image have equal visual weight. Proper balance should increase the visual appeal of a photograph. There are generally two types of balance formal and informal
Texture- For the purposes of this article, texture photography is any imagery that depends, at least partly, for its impact on the texture of the objects in the image. Texture will be defined as the surface detail of an object.
Shape- There are many elements of composition that form the building blocks of photography: lines, shape, form, texture, pattern, and the rule of thirds, just to name a few. Each of these elements plays a role in drawing the viewer's eye into the photo.
Form- Form is one of the seven elements of art. At its most basic, a form is a three-dimensional geometrical figure
Space- An element of art, space refers to distances or areas around, between or within components of a piece. Space can be positive (white or light) or negative (black or dark), open or closed, shallow or deep and two-dimensional or three-dimensional.
Value- The Elements of Art learn the fundamentals of art making a full range of value means that they are ample amounts of light values
Colour- The same three images taken through red, green and blue filters which are used for additive color synthesis may also be used to produce color prints and transparencies
Line- Leading lines are lines within an image that leads the eye to another point in the image, or occasionally, out of the image. Anything with a definite line can be a leading line. Fences, bridges, even a shoreline can lead the eye.
Alignment- The act of aligning or state of being aligned; especially : the proper positioning or state of adjustment of parts
Contrast- Is a tool that photographers use to direct viewers' attention to their subject. There are two types: Tonal Contrast and Color Contrast
Pattern- Utilizes elements that are repeated. The repetition of lines, shapes, tones or color can create interesting images
Emphasis- As an area or object within the artwork that draws attention and becomes a focal point. Subordination is defined as minimizing or toning down other com positional elements in order to bring attention to the focal point
Movement- In which some elements recurs regularly. Like a dance it will have a flow of objects that will seem to be like the beat of music


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