*Polio (poliomyelitis) mainly affects children under 5 years of age.
*1 in 200 infections leads to irreversible paralysis. Among those paralyzed, 5% to 10% die when their breathing muscles become immobilized.
*Polio cases have decreased by over 99% since 1988, from an estimated 350,000 cases then, to 74 reported cases in 2015. The reduction is the result of the global effort to eradicate the disease.
*Polio invades the nervous system, and can eventually cause paralysis (1 in 200 lead to irreversible paralysis). Initial symptoms are fever, fatigue, headache, vomiting, stiffness of the neck and pain in the limbs. Among those paralyzed, 5% to 10% die when their breathing muscles become immobilized.
*The polio vaccine consists of inactivated (killed) poliovirus and is extremely effective and safe.