Fairness vs. Justice By: Tucker Chase

JUSTICE:

The conformity to God's Character

Judicial:

  • Judicial Branch applies and interprets the laws to resolve disputes
  • Must be fair and impartial
  • Not influenced by political parties
  • Is independent from political parties influence

How to become a judge?

  • Federal system: Judges are appointed for life after going through a selection process
  • State and local judges: Vary by state, either by election from voters or appointed and evaluated by voters
  • Judicial Appointment: Several people are nominated for the position. A committee reviews everyone's qualifications and makes recommendations to the governor, who chooses one person for the job
  • Judicial Election: Several people decide they want the position. They each run a campaign to convince voters they would be best at the job. On election day, the person with the most votes gets the job
  • Hawaii does Judicial appointments

5 Significant Supreme Court Cases:

  1. Marbury v. Madison: Created Judicial Review
  2. Brown v. Board of Education: Ended racial segregation in public schools
  3. Engle v. Vitale: Ended morning nondenominational prayers in public schools
  4. Roe v. Wade: Authorized abortion in the first trimester
  5. Obergefell v. Hodges: Authorizes same-sex marriage

The Principles of Blackstone's Commentaries:

  1. Law as the order of the universe: Supreme Being created everything
  2. Law as a rule of human action: Humans have reason and free will and to use what God created us
  3. Law of nature: laws of good and evil, allowing us to use our reason to discover
  4. Revealed law: Found only in the Scriptures, no human law should contradict God's
  5. Law of nations: Treaties, rules of natural law and agreements unite people
  6. Municipal law: Civil conduct, to ensure right and wrong, but needs limits

3 primary personal rights:

  1. Personal Security: Enjoyment of his own body and reputation without interruption
  2. Personal Liberty: Consists in the power of locomotion, removing oneself whenever, without imprisonment
  3. Right of private property: Law of the land. The right of free use, save only by the the laws of the land
Created By
Tucker Chase
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Created with images by skeeze - "supreme court building usa" • WikiImages - "judge court justice" • succo - "hammer court judge" • Yale Law Library - "Blackstone Eller 25 title page" • Wokandapix - "thanks word letters"

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