There is significant difference between the poorest and richest populations in both rural and urban areas. Over 90% of the richest quintile are populated in urban areas, where water supply focuses in. This means that they get the priority of using improved water sources, shown as 60% piped water is directed in rich urban areas. However, in more rural areas, the poorest 40% doesn't have a dependable water supply, and is never insured to receive water, and 19 percent of the rural population in itself lacks access to a reliable water supply. Piped-in water is non-existent in these areas, and individuals source their water from the ground, or the natural ecosystem, which is hard to access and unreliable. Overall, inequality in Cape Town is very high as less than half of the population don't use any form of an improved source of water.
33 percent of groups and industries do not have basic sanitation services, and over 26 percent of all schools have no water access, which is a great issue because water known to be important and vital in many areas to keep a stable community and system. 45 percent of clinics no water access, which another issue, as it affects health groups, impacting the rural citizens the most. Water in agriculture is just as important in South Africa as it is in any country, as it provides the foundation to a stable economy between consumers and firm groups. There are many areas in which extremely low water supply can affect the wider world, not just South Africa.
GOVERNMENT USES AND PLANS
There is a project in which the government has reinforced to help make the water source and supply in Cape Town, South Africa more sufficient. The Berg Water Project was influenced by the Trans Caledon Tunnel Authority, which helped represent the Department of Water Affairs. South Africa's water supply is/was not up to the standards of anything (especially compared to Australia's ). The project aims to improve the dam's side channel spillway, and advance the infrastructure surrounding it. The embankment currently holds a volume of 4 million meters cubed, and the gross storage capacity is of 130 million metres cubed. A development of a plunge pool will help to ensure safety of the community in case of the occurrence of worst case scenarios. The Berg Supplement Scheme, will comprise of two pump stations which have the total installed power of 25 MW. This project aims to improve their supply so that the water is efficient for not just the urban areas, but the rural areas, including groups in water demanding industries.
The water supply in South Africa is very unevenly distributed. Urban communities have a way higher upper hand, and receive water similar to what Sydney-siders receive. 19 percent of the rural population lacks access to a reliable water supply, and 74 percent rural people are entirely dependent on groundwater, which they retrieve by spending long treacherous hours to transport it back to their villages. These water sources however are not very hygienic or safe as they have not been filtered or treated. This rises the risk that consumers will become very sick. 33 percent do not have basic sanitation services, and 45 percent of clinics have no water access, meaning that treatment to people in need is insufficient. Immigration and population growth, growth in rural settlements put stress on South Africa’s water supply, creating more of an inequality in it’s distribution, affecting many industries, specifically the agricultural industry. This puts the whole business cycle out of balance, affecting the supply of crops and other products, which affects the people and citizens as there is lower food supply. Water is important in many aspect, therefore, in order to maintain a healthy population, their water source and supple must be acceptable.
However, in Australia, the water system is one of the best in the world, and it is very much reflected in the way that the country operates. This means that it is evident that the water supply is sufficient as less than 10% of the whole population has drinking water access of some kind, and that there is water equality among residents, unlike the water in South Africa. Water in Sydney comes straight from taps for easy access, which in comparison to South Africans’ water (which is accessed in a very hard way by physical transport), Sydney has the upper hand/advantage. Water in Sydney is supplied to keep up with demand, so that it can be access for anything. It is also treated to ensure that the water is up to government standards, so that prevents the risk of sickness due to it, so the government and doctors/nurses can focus their attention on helping the more critically injured. In comparison to each other, Sydney by far has the better water supply, especially when it comes to cleanliness, equality, quality and quantity which impacts a reflection on the wider country as to how effectively it runs.
1. "Berg River Dam". En.wikipedia.org. Web. 26 Mar. 2017.
2. Nicholls, Sean. "Warragamba Dam Wall To Be Raised To Avoid Catastrophic Flood Event". The Sydney Morning Herald. N.p., 2016. Web. 24 Mar. 2017.
3. "Warragamba Catchment". WaterNSW. Web. 25 Mar. 2017.
4. "Safe Drinking Water". Sydneywater.com.au. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.
5. "4613.0 - Australia's Environment: Issues And Trends, 2006". Abs.gov.au. N.p., 2016. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.
6. "Water Access In South Africa | Water For All". 12.000.scripts.mit.edu. Web. 20 Mar. 2017.
BY EMILY HENG