Tunisia The melting pot of north africa

My project will be over the African country of Tunisia. I will be going over its relation to the five themes of geography. We will see Tunisia's location, what's it like to live there, the way their people affect the environment,and much more.

Location

Location - A particular place or position.

Tunisia is located on the northernmost point of Africa

The capitol of Tunisia is called Tunis.

The capitol Tunis

Tunisia is located on the continent of Africa

Africa

Tunisia is mostly covered by the Sahara Desert and has the Atlas Mountains in the north.

The climate of Tunisia is mostly hot desert climate with warm semi-arid and Mediterranean climate towards the north.

The climate of Tunisia

Only two countries border Tunisia. Algeria to the west and Libya to the southeast.

Border countries

The Mediterranean Sea borders all of the northern part of Tunisia and most of its east border. The Medjerda River flows through Tunisia.

The Medjerba River

Place

Place - The physical and human aspects of a location

Tunisia's key natural resources include phosphates, petroleum, zinc, lead and iron ore.

Tunisia's key natural resources

Tunisia's cultural groups are Arab-Berbers, Europeans, and other smaller groups.

Tunisian people

99% of the population are Sunni Muslim. The remaining 1% of the population include Shia Muslims, Baha'is, Jews, and Christians

(Top left) Muslims in prayer. (Top right) Cathedral of St. Vincent de Paul

Many people celebrate on May 20th as their independence from France. July 25th is the anniversary of the establishment of their republic. June 1st is the anniversary of the adoption of their constitution. Their most recent celebration is their Revolution during the Arab Spring.

(Left) Tunisian Independence Day (Center and Right) Anniversaries to their Arab Spring Revolutions

Tunisia is in the process of economic reform and liberalization after decades of heavy state direction and participation in the economy. Tunisia's government is similar to ours. Their current government was founded on July 25, 1956. They have a semi presidential system. It means that their government is similar to ours, but they have a prime minister and a cabinet to go with a president.

Human-Environmental Interaction

Human-Environmental Interaction (HEI) - How people adapt to, depend on, and modify their environment.

In the south they mostly grow Olive trees and cereal. In the north they grow citrus fruits.

(Right) Olive Tree (Bottom left) Cereal (Top left) Citrus Fruits

Many of Tunisian jobs are in the areas of agriculture, mining, and petroleum products.

(Left) Mining (Center) TPI or Tunisian Petroleum Institute (Right) Agriculture

Tunisia has some endangered species. One species is called the Addax. They're endangered because of unregulated hunting.The Mediterranean Monk Seal is also endangered due to hunting. The Scimitar-horned Oryx is almost extinct due to climate change and hunting.

(Top left) Addax (Bottom left) Seal (Right) Oryx

Tunisia has been having environmental problems like water pollution, deforestation, and desertification. Their recent revolution has only made things worse. Garbage has been piling up around the country and forestfires have sprung up rapidly. Conferences are being held by the government to solve these problems

Region

Region - An area on the planet that is composed of places with a unifying characteristic.

The academic year runs from September to June and examinations are held in late June or early July. Many kids star in pre-school. They later go to Kouttabs at ages 3-5 to learn how to read the Quran. They then go through 9 years of basic school, which consists of 6 years in primary and 3 years in preparatory. They then go to 4 years of secondary school to prepare for university or the work force.

(Bottom) Students being taught at university.

Tunisia has a population of 11.1 million people. The population density is 70.78

Tunisia has an area of 63,170 miĀ²

The GDP Per Capita of Tunisia is 4328.54 USD

The life expectancy is 73 years for males, and 78 years for women

The literacy rate is 81.8% of the total population

The northern part has Mediterranean climate, middle part is Steppe, and southern is desert.

Movement

Movement - The translocation of human beings, their goods, and their ideas from one end of the planet to another.

Tunisia's exported goods include clothing, semi-finished goods and textiles, agricultural products, mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, hydrocarbons, and electrical equipment. Imports are textiles, machinery and equipment, hydrocarbons, chemicals, and foodstuffs.

(Top left) Agricultural Products (Top right) Textiles (Bottom left) Foodstuffs (Bottom right) Semi-Finished Goods
Flag of Tunisia

The flag was adopted for the Kingdom of Tunis in 1831. It would be adopted as the country flag in 1959. The flag is a red background with the star and crescent of the Ottoman flag. It represents their main religion of Islam and their long history of being apart of the Ottoman Empire.

Tunisia gained their independence from France in 1959 after 2 years of negotiations with the Neo-Destour (New Constitution) Party.

Created By
Reece Wernz
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