Macedonian king Alexander the great was born to parents king Phillip ll and queen Olympia.Tutored by Aristotle, the prince took charge of the companion cavalry at age 18 and aided Phillip in defeating the Athenian and theban armies at Chaeronea. Alexander garnered the support of the Macedonian army and eliminated his enemies to become king and leader of the Corinthian league.
Alexander went on to conquer Persia and Egypt, his kingdom ranging from the Mediterranean to the border of India. Just 32 when he died from malaria, he is regarded as one of history's brilliant military leaders and most powerful leaders. Alexanders defeat of the Persian empire removed the bloc that had prevented the spread of Greek settlements into the east.
Alexander's military genius is undisputed. He improved the fine army inherited from his father, Phillip, by the forces; he strengthened the cavalry arm and the weapon specialists. He was invincible in both siege warfare and set battles. His movements were speed, intelligence, and communication
Alexander's conquest created a legend that would provide the standard which other leaders measured their careers. King, Generals, and emperors discovered that they were unable to compete with the legend.