Gang Activity/Fights &Violence Made by your favorite student Jada Barnes

What are the current statistics related to this?

Distribution of Gangs by Area Type

* Larger cities and suburban counties remain the primary locations of gangs, accounting for roughly two-thirds nationwide.

* Smaller cities account for just 27 percent, and rural counties account for just over 5 percent

Number of Gangs by Area Type

* While larger cities and suburban counties expectedly higher numbers of gangs, theres also a considerable variation within each area type.

* More than half of suburban counties and 45 percent of larger cities report 10 or fewer active gangs in their jurisdictions.

* A majority of agencies in smaller cities and rural counties report fewer than five gangs.

How does this societal issue negatively impact students?

Societal issue negatively impact children

For young children, the sight of someone getting stabbed, shot, or punched is especially terrifying, bewildering, and stressful. It's the kind of stress that can simmer for years after the act. And as a series of recent studies makes abundantly clear, it's the kind of stress that can threaten a child's health, both physically and emotionally. Even for kids who never feel a fist or catch a stray bullet, violence can leave permanent scars. Children who witness marital violence can experience a variety of emotional and psychological problems, including low self-esteem and post-traumatic stress syndrome. At any age, fear leads to stress. After seeing a violent act, a child may decide that the world is dangerous and unpredictable. As a result, he/she body and mind may be on high alert when he should be relaxed. He/she could be watching cartoons or lying in his bed, and his body will still pump out stress hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol, chemicals that prime the body to face danger.

Imagine two children, both with the exact same risk factors for joining a gang. As teenagers, one joins a gang, the other doesn’t. Even though the first teen eventually leaves the gang, years later he or she is not only at significantly higher risk of being incarcerated and receiving illegal income, but is also less likely to have finished high school and more likely to be in poor health, receiving government assistance or struggling with drug abuse.

How does this societal issue negatively impact teachers?

Schools maintain a steady rate of violent crimes nationally with more than 1.6 million violent towards teachers over a four year period. Nearly 35 percent of teachers report that school violence affects their teaching . currently, teacher ratesare steady across school districts nationwide at nearly twenty percent and cost taxpayers billions of dollars per year. This study explored teacher's perceptions of school violence and its influence on their teaching performance and attitudes towards others. In addition, it investigated whether teacher's perceptions of school violence had an effect on teacher's intentions . Results indicated that there is a relationship between perceptionsof school violence with teacher's performance, attitudes and thoughts on moving or leaving the profession. Both interpersonal non-physical violence and group crime violence were positively associated with negative teacher performance as well as negative teacher attitudes. Additionally, interpersonal non-physical violence was positively associated with more than half the teachers reported that they might transfer schools due to school violence.

Teachers are in an interesting and often time sticky position when it comes to school violence. The position that they are in puts them at risk for much of the same abuse as children in our schools but it also has them in the role of protector for a good part of each day. In incidents of school violence plenty of people are quick to point a finger at the teachers for not doing their jobs even though in many cases teachers also fall victim to violence brought on by a student. Yet, day after day men and women continue to get up each day and devote their time to teaching our children.

How does this societal issue negatively impact schools?

The issue of school violence is very negative for most schools. School violence in the United States leads many people to panic when they consider the issue. Violence in school takes many forms and includes, raping, bullying, stealing, harming and killing other students or members of staff. It is essential that teachers, students, parents and schools take the necessary measures to curb this violent attitude in children. Such an attitude will negatively affect their future.

School violence causes negative side effects to schools. It ruins the school atmosphere by disturbing the smooth running of studies and other school activities. The amount of tension that violence in school creates is enough to distract students from concentrating on their studies. Violence is not ideal in school and the children who involve themselves with it cannot do well in school and end up ruining their future.

The children who participate in violent activities also cause trouble to their schoolmates. They involve themselves in harassing other students and the negative thing about it is that the victims of harassment fear going to school. The students who harass others can therefore ruin their fellow student’s future by making it hard for them to concentrate on their class work. This can have a huge impact on the careers they will choose.

The other negative effect of school violence is the tension that parents have regarding the matter. It is the goal of every parent to enroll their children in school so that they can have a better future. When children do not learn well or when they involve themselves with violence, many parents experience grief especially when they see their children fighting or hurting other children.

Types of initiatives fixing gang violence

Parents must be educated on how to spot the signs of gang association, and how to work with their children to make gangs seem less glamorous. Parents must teach their children that joining a gang can ruin lives; lead to criminal records; and, ultimately, to prison. Most importantly, parents need to recognize the signs that their child is involved in a gang and seek the appropriate intervention.

Families need help to deal with their children who are at risk of joining gangs. Training in parental skills gives these parents the knowledge and ability to help their children stay out of trouble. Parents often tend to react strongly to the gang problem; therefore, the information provided to them must be balanced with helpful, hopeful strategies that they can use to turn their children away from gangs. Most law enforcement, school, and community-based providers agree that educating parents about gangs is necessary and critical if the growth of gangs is to be curbed. Law enforcement and educators need to work together to develop the necessary tools and materials to educate parents.

What can parents, teachers, and the community do to improve upon gang violence?
  • Addressing elevated risk factors for joining a gang.
  • Strengthening families.
  • Reducing youth’s conflicts.
  • Improving community-level supervision of youth.
  • Providing training for teachers on how to manage disruptive students.
  • Providing training for parents of disruptive and delinquent youth.
  • Reviewing and softening school “zero tolerance” policies to reduce suspensions and expulsions.
  • Ensuring that punitive sanctions target delinquent gang behaviors, not gang apparel, signs, and symbols.
  • Providing tutoring for students who are performing poorly in school.
  • Increasing adult supervision of students after school.
  • Providing interpersonal skills training to students to help resolve conflicts.
  • Providing a center for youth recreation and referrals for services.
  • Providing gang awareness training for school personnel, parents, and students.
  • Teaching students that gangs can be dangerous.
  • Providing training for school resource officers in mediating conflicts.

Citations

http://www.nationalgangcenter.gov/Survey-Analysis

https://consumer.healthday.com/encyclopedia/children-s-health-10/child-development-news-124/violence-how-it-affects-children-645905.html

http://digital.library.temple.edu/cdm/ref/collection/p245801coll10/id/76875

http://www.abusivekids.com/for-teachers.html

http://www.abusivekids.com/negative-effects-of-school-violence.html

https://web.stanford.edu/class/e297c/poverty_prejudice/ganginterv/gangsproblems.htm

http://youth.gov/feature-article/gang-prevention-overview-research-and-programs

Credits:

Created with images by kbmfy - "meng teacher writer painter" • stevepb - "books student study" • Southern Arkansas University - "Student Teacher Candidates Education Workshop 8.30.12" • Shlomaster - "mother family sky"

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