Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves
The author is unknown, but it was first added to a version of "One Thousand and One Nights" by Antoine Galland.
Two brothers, Ali Baba and Cassim, discover a magic cave full of riches from the conquests of forty thieves. When Cassim is killed, his slave, Morgiana, goes to live with Ali Baba. She soon realizes that the thieves are coming for Ali Baba next, and she must do whatever she can to protect his life and her own.
The Special Beginning: In Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves the special beginning is "In a town in Persia there dwelt two brothers."This is a special beginning because it is a version of "there once lived" which is a typical beginning in Fairy tales.
Good Character: The good character in this story is Morgiana. She was the slave of Cassim until he died. Then, she went to live wth Ali Baba. "Knowing the danger her master is in," Morgiana works to save his life. Morgiana is the good character because she saves Ali Baba's life multiple different times.
Evil Character: In the story there is a gang of forty thieves that kill Cassim and want to kill Ali Baba. The main villain is the Captain of the thieves that personally tries to kill Ali Baba by himself.
Royalty and/or Castle: There is no royalty or castles in this fairy tale, but Cassim is well respected in their community. This is because he had a "rich wife and lived in plenty" so he is looked up to.
Magic Use/Something Magical: In the story the magical item is a cave. To open the cave you say "Open, sesame." If you say "Shut, sesame" the cave closes. This cave is used to hide the treasure of the forty thieves.
Problem/solution: The problem is that the thieves realized that Ali Baba stole from them and are coming to kill him and his family. The solution is that Morgiana outwits the thieves and ends up killing all of them but two.
3s or 7s: There are two main examples of the number three in this story. The first one is that Al Baba and Cassim visit the thieves cave three times before they are discovered. The second example is that after the first attack, "only three [theives] were left" alive.
Connection to Persia
There are two main connections to the country from the story. The first is in the first sentence of the story it says that "In a town in Persia lived two brother." The second connection is that when Ali Baba first sees the band of thieves, even though he does not know them, he automatically assumes that they are thieves. This could be because in the Persian Empire the government was very lenient wth the territories they conquered. This created certain parts that were notorious for thieves.