Fairy Tales of the World Persia


Map Of the Persian empire


To the East would have been China and Mongolia. To the south would have been the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean. To the North would have been Russia. To the West would have been Europe and Africa. Today this area would be considered the Middle East.


The climate of the Persian Empire differed throughout. In the South was a dessert climate. In the East was a grassland climate and in the West was an Arid climate. In The North was a mixture.

Physical Characteristics

In the Northern Persian Empire would be the Caucasus Mountains, Black Sea, and Caspian Sea. In the Southern part of the Empire would have been the Persian Gulf and The Red Sea.


In 480 B.c. Persia had an estimated population of 30-50 million people


Customs and Traditions

Popular holidays included the Zoroastrian Festival of Mihragan and the Parsi Calendar. One of the main traditions was an annual sacrificing of animals.


The main religion was Zoroastrianism. It was founded by Zoroaster. In Zoroastrianism the followers Believed in one god. Persia also Had many other religions. these had a common theme of many gods/animals are worshipped. Most included animal sacrifices.


The primary language was known as Persian or Farsi. There are tons of other languages that came from countries around of Persia, but Farsi was considered the national language.


Persia was a hunter gatherer society. Because of this, Some of the Most popular foods were early forms of rice, nuts, fruits, vegetable, and meats such as fish and deer.

Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves

The author is unknown, but it was first added to a version of "One Thousand and One Nights" by Antoine Galland.


Two brothers, Ali Baba and Cassim, discover a magic cave full of riches from the conquests of forty thieves. When Cassim is killed, his slave, Morgiana, goes to live with Ali Baba. She soon realizes that the thieves are coming for Ali Baba next, and she must do whatever she can to protect his life and her own.

Typical Characteristics

The Special Beginning: In Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves the special beginning is "In a town in Persia there dwelt two brothers."This is a special beginning because it is a version of "there once lived" which is a typical beginning in Fairy tales.

Good Character: The good character in this story is Morgiana. She was the slave of Cassim until he died. Then, she went to live wth Ali Baba. "Knowing the danger her master is in," Morgiana works to save his life. Morgiana is the good character because she saves Ali Baba's life multiple different times.

Evil Character: In the story there is a gang of forty thieves that kill Cassim and want to kill Ali Baba. The main villain is the Captain of the thieves that personally tries to kill Ali Baba by himself.

Royalty and/or Castle: There is no royalty or castles in this fairy tale, but Cassim is well respected in their community. This is because he had a "rich wife and lived in plenty" so he is looked up to.

Magic Use/Something Magical: In the story the magical item is a cave. To open the cave you say "Open, sesame." If you say "Shut, sesame" the cave closes. This cave is used to hide the treasure of the forty thieves.

Problem/solution: The problem is that the thieves realized that Ali Baba stole from them and are coming to kill him and his family. The solution is that Morgiana outwits the thieves and ends up killing all of them but two.

3s or 7s: There are two main examples of the number three in this story. The first one is that Al Baba and Cassim visit the thieves cave three times before they are discovered. The second example is that after the first attack, "only three [theives] were left" alive.

Connection to Persia

There are two main connections to the country from the story. The first is in the first sentence of the story it says that "In a town in Persia lived two brother." The second connection is that when Ali Baba first sees the band of thieves, even though he does not know them, he automatically assumes that they are thieves. This could be because in the Persian Empire the government was very lenient wth the territories they conquered. This created certain parts that were notorious for thieves.

Created By
J. Hightower


"ANDREW LANG'S FAIRY BOOKS." From Andrew Lang's Fairy Books. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Apr. 2017. Cole, Joanna, and Jill Karla. Schwarz. Best-loved Folktales of the World. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1982. Print. Copy & paste citation View in list | Edit "Iran." Encyclopedia of Asian History, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1988. World History in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/BT2358200774/WHIC?u=wa&xid=d3061f35. Accessed 4 Apr. 2017. "Persia." Ancient Civilizations Reference Library, edited by Judson Knight and Stacy A. McConnell, UXL, 2000. Student Resources in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/EJ2173150019/SUIC?u=wa&xid=0e71b2ee. Accessed 4 Apr. 2017. "Persia Expands the Boundaries of Empire, Exploration, and Organization." Science and Its Times, edited by Neil Schlager and Josh Lauer, vol. 1, Gale, 2001. World History in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CV2643450070/WHIC?u=wa&xid=70e4107c. Accessed 4 Apr. 2017. "Zoroaster." UXL Biographies, UXL, 2011. Student Resources in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/EJ2108102501/SUIC?u=wa&xid=4e252b4e. Accessed 4 Apr. 2017. Created with images by Nick Kenrick.. - "I caught the happiness virus last night When I was out singing beneath the stars. - Hafiz of Persia" • CircaSassy - "A short history of early peoples to 1500 A. D., from cave-man to Columbus (1922)" • jpeter2 - "desert morocco sand dune" • Dyn Photo - "Life is Good..." • Unsplash - "audience crowd people" • jimg944 - "DSC31059, Darioush Winery, Napa Valley, California, USA" • A.Davey - "Scene from the Shahnameh V" • rahuldlucca - "Angel praying for you, detail II, Recolecta Cemetery, Buenos Aires, Argentina 2010" • Ömer Ünlü - "NUTS" • CircaSassy - "Favourite fairy tales ([1861])" • Hans - "elsach river falkensteiner cave" • image4you - "euro coins currency" • guy_dugas - "montrésor village loire" • familymwr - "Photographers expand horizons in 2010 Army Digital Photography Contest 110311"

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