Unit Five The american civil war and reconstruction

Sectionalism

Definition: excessive devotion to the interests of a particular region

Historical Context: It is known to be unfair for when the President of the United States uses sectionalism because his job is to govern the entire nation.

Republican Party

Definition: the younger of two major political parties in the United States; GOP is an acronym for grand old party

Historical Context: The first Republican President was Abraham Lincoln. The sixteenth President of the United States.

Secession

Definition: formal separation from an alliance or federation

Historical Context: The thirteen colonies created the session from Great Britain, which led to the beginning of the Civil War.

Confederate States of America

Definition: the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861

Historical Context: The confederate states were once in the union, but seceded once Abraham Lincoln became President.

Emancipation

Definition: freeing someone from the control of another

Historical Context: Abraham Lincoln wrote the Emancipation Proclamation; freeing all slaves.

Habeas Corpus

Definition: a writ ordering a prisoner to be brought before a judge

Historical Context: The judge is obligated to write a habeas corpus when keeping someone in jail.

Reconstruction

Definition: the activity of building something again

Historical Context: When the earthquake strikes Haiti, other nations donated supplies to help their reconstruction.

Impeachment

Definition: a formal document charging a public official with misconduct

Historical Context: The only U.S President that has been impeached is President Nixon.

Klu Klux Klan

Definition: a secret society of white Southerners in the United States

Historical Context: The colored faced great fear from the Klu Klux Klan during segregation time.

Poll Tax

Definition: a tax of a fixed amount per person and payable as a requirement for the right to vote

Historical Context: Sometime ago if you did not pay your poll tax you would not be able to vote.

Segregation:

Definition: the act of keeping apart

Historical Context: Segregation was hard for the colored people because they were down graded for all of their rights.

Capitalist

Definition: of an economic system based on private ownership

Historical Context: Till to this day we are surrounded by capitalist, such as Bill Gates who owns Microsoft.

Siege

Definition: an action of an armed forces that surrounds a fortified place

Historical Context: During the American Civil War, right before the British would escape by sea the French sieges them, forcing them to surrender.

Emancipate

Definition: free from slavery or servitude

Historical Context: Slaves had a hard time when being held captive, so when Lincoln declared the Emancipation Proclamation, they were overjoyed.

Inflation

Definition: a general and progressive increase in prices

Historical Context: In the thirteen colonies there was an inflation in taxes because the King wanted to punish the colonist.

Draft

Definition: compulsory military service

Historical Context: During wars people draft into the military out of the kindness of their heart. The people want to serve their country.

Martial Law

Definition: the body of law imposed by the military over civilian affairs (usually in time of war or civil crisis); overrides civil law

Historical Context: The government uses the martial law to enforce their rules upon the civilians.

Famine

Definition: a severe shortage of food resulting in starvation and death

Historical Context: Today all over in our world millions of children die because of famine and some are barely hanging on.

Urbanization

Definition: the social process whereby cities grow

Historical Context: Urbanization increases city population.

Telegraph

Definition: apparatus used to communicate at a distance over a wire

Historical Context: Pavel Schilling created the telegraph.

Ironclad

Definition: a wooden warship of the 19th century plated with armor

Historical Context: During the World Wars an ironclad gave the men on the ship greater protection.

Discrimination

Definition: unfair treatment of a person or group based on prejudice

Historical Context: During segregation time the colored faced great discrimination because of their skin color.

Casualty

Definition: someone injured or killed in an accident

Historical Context: Many casualties happen everyday because of reckless driving.

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