American Revolution & Latin Revolution By: Mckensie Shaft, Ethan steele, katie stallons, haley cobb and dylan maxey

American Revolution

Symptoms Stage

Economic Problems of American Revolution:

  • Domestic taxes had been raised substantially during the war and total government debt had increased.
  • British military had many more advantages than the American military. First, the British had a much larger military. Second, the British had virtual control of the Atlantic, its Navy could attack anywhere along the American coast at will and the Americans wouldn't be able to defeat them.

Ineffective Leadership:

  • British Leadership wasn't as horrible and broken as the American Leadership but, Thomas Gage who was a British Commander-in-Chief presided over rising tensions that led to the outbreak.
  • Many leaders were ineffective on the American side because they got wounded quickly from not having a strong military. For example, William Alexander (he got captured) and Benedict Arnold (who severely got wounded and surrendered West Point to the British.)

Angry Citizens (WHY)

  • American citizens were angry from being moved because the King prohibited settlements beyond the Appalachian Mountains. Colonists who already settled were ordered to return East of the mountains.
  • Anger also rose because citizens had to find or pay for lodging for British soldiers stationed in America.
  • Colonists were angered by the British government taking there money to use towards military, so because of this Colonists would boycott.

Were symptoms that occurred truly issues that needed to be addressed? Why?

  • The symptoms that occurred didn't need to be addressed because truthfully the British controlled everything. There was no need for discussion, the Americans would never get their way unless they fought for themselves.

Fever Rises

Anger of the Citizens increases because:

  • The Stamp Act (March 22, 1765) was established by the British Parliament which became imposed on all American Colonists and required them to pay a tax on every piece of printed paper they used. This really got to the Colonists, leading to there frustration and having the Revolution with the British.
  • The Sugar Act (April 1764) was also established by the British Government, which made the American Colonists pay more tax money in order to get Molasses shipped to America. This angered Americans as well.

Breaking Point and Rise up of Citizens:

  • The Boston Tea Party (December 16, 1773) was a protest by the American colonists, where they boarded shops and poured what would be today $1 million worth of tea in order to show there breaking point and rise up of taxes.

Collapsing Governments:

  • Before the American Revolution, there was no central government and state governments were just being set as the new form of government.

New Form of Government:

  • After the American Revolution, the citizens set up a federal government and later established a constitution and bill of rights. They established this in order to have a more organized and well maintain form of Government, so another Revolution would not happen.

What was the tipping point for the revolution you researched that caused the fever to rise and action to be taken? Why?

  • The tipping point for the revolution we researched was the taxes. British government raised taxes on household goods, like paper and syrup which caused the colonists to reach their breaking point.

Terror Sweeps

Convalescence

The people begin to look for stability:

  • American people had in place the mechanisms of revolutionary organization on the local and colony level and Congress of the colonies would coordinate and control the revolutionary movement.
  • Also, with the structures of the old systems removed, the citizens of each country set out on programs to create a postcolonial political, economic, and social order.

The radical ideas go away:

  • Many leading colonists, most notably Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson, followed the doctrines of deism. The best way to improve society, deists argued, was to rely on reason which became a democratic government that protected their freedoms.

A strong leader is chosen:

  • Washington developed an organizational culture which achieved the goal of winning the war for independence. General Washington spent far more time, thought and energy as the organizer and administrator of the military forces than he did as a military strategist and tactician. Without Washington’s persistent, intelligent leadership, the army as an organization would have collapsed from within, unaided by British military might.
Latin Revolution

Symptoms Stage

Economic Problems:

  • Spain experienced a weak government, because of King Ferdinand being overthrown and take by the French King Napoleon.
  • When Spain traded goods they were only allowed to trade within Spain, it was illegal to trade with outside Countries, like Britain and France.
  • Social Hierarchy was put into place in Latin America causing more conflict with the incoming invaders and already settled citizens.

Ineffective Leadership:

  • Verde, defeated the Venezuelan Revolutionary army, led by Francisco de Miranda, who then surrendered. He was ineffective because he wasn't a strong leader.

Angry Citizens (WHY)

  • Citizens became angry because certain groups had more power and privilege than others.
  • Citizens had little room for social hierarchy advancement.

Were symptoms that occurred truly issues that needed to be addressed? Why?

  • Yes, because there were many countries that didn't agree with the way Spain was taking action toward there country. The countries discovered issues that could've been addressed by all of them joining forces and trying to stop King Ferdinand.

Fever Rises

Anger of the citizens increases:

  • The anger of the citizens increased during the reign of Napoleon.

Specific event in which citizens reach their breaking part and rise up:

  • The citizens reached their breaking point at the Peninsular Wars.

Existing Government Collapses:

  • The government before the Latin American Revolution was monarchy, Napoleon was the ruler after he dethroned his own brother.

Another form of government, which replaces it:

  • Bolivar believed in the rule of law, a strong central government, social justice and all employment freely and fairly contracted.

Convalescence

The people begin to look for stability:

  • In 1810 a Parliament emerged in Cádiz to represent both Spain and Spanish America. Two years later it produced a new constitution that proclaimed Spain’s American possessions to be full members of the kingdom and not mere colonies.

The radical ideas go away:

  • Creoles and peninsulares began to jockey for power across Spanish America. During 1808–1810 juntas emerged to rule in the name of Ferdinand VII.

A strong leader is chosen:

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