Impact of Cybersecurity Laws
The government has interfered with many careers/lives by stopping the use of VPNS, or virtual private networks that wllow people in China to access the internet, including astronomers in China that need information from other areas that they would be able to access from the internet, graphic designers that need images/clip art from Shutterstock, and even students that are applying to American universities online. Many people in China, especially those who do not know foreign languages are okay with the new laws, but Beijing is counting on those who need internet access to innovate the new economies, which they cannot do without resources the internet provides. Academics, scientists, historians, professors, and even film critics are angry about the new cybersecurity laws, saying that China promotes these jobs for a better future, but are stripping them of their connections with the rest of the world by adding numerous limitations to the Chinese internet. One woman named Jing Yuechen, a person who founded an internet start-up in China, is okay with the structure of the Communist Party, but does not agree with all of the cyberpolice banning her from using a free internet. Another named Ms. Jing says "If it was legal to protest and throw rotten eggs on the street, I'd definitely be up for that." Even commerce is being affected by the control over the internet, as it has slowed. James Zimmerman, believes that it is important for the government to realize the importance using the internet to share information and ideas in order to grow businesses and development. It is possible that people who have jobs that depend on the internet will leave China, as there are already issues with air pollution and political dessent, and removing VPNs could be the thing to "push them over the edge".
The issue of China restricting internet use reflects both legalism and Communism. Communism is a as system made by Karl Marx where "all means of production are owned in common", and there is one paty that controls both political and economic systems. In this case, President Xi Jinping and the rest of the Cyberspace Administration of China are controlling censorship of the internet, even ridding of VPN's. They are making sure everybody has a "common internet", and specific people cannot do valued jobs because they no longer have the resources. Although people might still agree with the values of Communinism, some think that the cybersecurity laws are frustrating. Legalism is a system enforced by Hanfei that emphasized strict laws, and a system of reward and punishment. Although this issue has no system of reward and punishment, internet use is very strict and everything is sorted through or blocked by the government, reflecting some values of Leglism.
The issue of the new cybersecuirty laws a very important because although in America, we do not question having a free internet where we can use whatever resources we need, in China there are people who cannot continue doing their jobs/obtaining information because of the strict censorship. Very important political and economic information is being hidden from citizens of China, and even other countries.
Questions prompted by research
- Ms. Jing said it is not legal to protest against internet control in China, but has anybody defied this and protested anyway?
- How many people have left China with a main reason being the restricted internet?
- Is everybody in China aware of the Great Firewall? If not, are other countries doing anything to help them?