Hello, my name is Lindsey and this website will be showing you about Canada's birth rate, death rate, immigration & emigration, First Nation's population, and challenges faced by immigrants & First Nations. It will also show predictions on what I think will change in 2050.
Birth Rate: Since the late 1990 women have had an average of 1.5 children. Only in 2005, did it increase a little over 1.5 children. For more than 30 years couples are having little to no children. This was due to the post war babyboom from 1946-1965 that resulted in women having 3 or 4 children. The birth rate in industrialized countries is a lot lower than other countries. Since this last century women over the age of 30 have increased their birth rate. As a generations go by, more and more people are either having children later or not having children at all.
Death Rate: Since last century, the life expectancy of Canada's population has increased a lot. Males gained 20 more years of life and Females gained 22.7 years of life. Canada has one of the largest life expectancies after birth. Ages 0-1 have 1/5 chance in survival, while ages over 65 have more than 4/5 chance. A baby's health can be decided in the first few weeks of life. The lowest mortality rate ever recorded was in 2005. The chances of survival has greatly improved decreasing the mortality rate. Causes of death include diseases (4.4-1.8 thousand males, 3.8-1.8 thousand females), accidents, suicides, homicides, and cancer (2.0 thousand males, 1.7 thousand females).
predictions: I predict that the average will be 1 child per couple. I also predict that deaths will out number births by 2050 but the life expectancy will increase.
Immigration: over 252,000 Immigrants have been coming to Canada at a constant rate since 1990. Due to the great Depression (World War 2) in 1930, it almost entirely stopped immigrants to Canada. Most immigrants to Canada are from Asia, over 60%. In 1961-1966 three out of four immigrants were from Europe. From 1960 to early 2000, immigrants from Africa recorded a 10.5% compared to 40 years earlier wich was 3.0%. Immigrants from the United States started off with 9.0% in 1961-1966 to less than 3% in 2001-2006. Most immigrants to Canada are usually at the age of either 25 or 44. Our population grows at an average rate of 1.0% due to immigration. 2/3 of Canada's population is made up of immigrants. The remaining 3 is made up of natural increase. Since 1867 more than 17 million immigrants have come to Canada.
Emigration: Nearly 2.8 million Canadians live in different countries. Those who have lived outside of Canada for more than 5 years lose their right to vote. If no good jobs appear most people don't have a reason to live in Canada. Canada doesn't do much to involve/ engage citizens and are ignoring potential benefits. Over 1 million people emigrat to the USA while 300,000 emigrat to Hong Kong. Most people around 21-25 are the most likely to emigrat. Around 58% of Canadian born people emigrat to different countries while people from China, India, Caribbean, Britain, and Portugal have a higher chance of staying in canada. Most likely to leave are people from Taiwan and Hong Kong.
Predictions: I predict that in 2050 canada will have a population of 42.5 million people but there also will be a decrease in natural increase.
First Nations Population: More than 1,400,685 people have aboriginal background, representing 4.3% of Canada's population. Aboriginal population increased by 232,385 people or 20.1% during 2006-2011. Most First Nation's people lived in either Northwest Territories, Yukon, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. Aboriginal children 14 and under made up 28.0% of total aboriginal population and 7.0% of total children in Canada. 15-24 year olds were 18.2% of aboriginal population and 5.9% of Canadian population. 65 years old and up were 6% of aboriginal population and 14.2% of Canadian population. From 2006-2011 the number of First Nation's increased by 22.9%. Ontario has the largest amount of aboriginal people with 21.5% of their population. British Columbia has 16.6%, Alberta has 15.8%, Manitoba has 14.0%, Saskatchewan has 11.3%, Quebec has 10.1%, Nunavut has 2.0%, Northwest Territories 1.5%, Yukon has less than 1%, and other Atlantic provinces have 6.7%.
Predictions: I predict that the first nations population will slowly increase over the years making their death rate high.
Challenges Faced by Immigrants and First Nations people: After arriving in Canada, the 12 greatest challenges faced by immigrants were either finding a good job 46.1%, learning a new language 26.6%, getting used to the weather 15.6%, Homesick 13.3%, hard time adapting 13.0%, financial Issues 11.4%, experience 10.6%, lack of social interaction 6.9%, racism 4.4%, finding a good house 4.4%, education 2.7%, childcare 1.9%, and other 10.5%. For First Nation's, their challenges were poor health, lower education, crowded housing and crappy living conditions, low income, higher death rate, and high rates of suicide.
Predictions: I predict that most immigrants and first nations people might have such a hard time with their situations they will either emigrate or maybe even become so depressed and frusterated they feel they have no other way out other than suicide, decreasing the population.
How will my life be different in 2050 from my parents?
I hope this website gave you more insite about what I believe Canada will look like in 2050 and what might change or stay the same.
Bibliography: www.statcan.gc.ca www.theglobaleandmail.com ww.12.statcan.gc.ca www.ictinc.ca